Presidential Emergency Facility Site 3 - “Cowpuncher”

Round Top Summit, North Mountain
North Mountain's Round top summit site of Cowpuncher Tower in the distance seen from Shanghai, WV...
 1,673 ft. (509.9 m)
 Berkeley County, West VirginiaUSA
 Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians
Topo map
 + 39.419821 N -78.08889 W

North Mountain is a mountain ridge within the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians in the U.S. state of West Virginia.  The span consists of 20 miles (32 km) of ridge line and is noticeably higher in elevation, containing the mountains highest point of 1,673 feet (510 m) above sea-level at its Round Top summit near Arden in Berkeley County, West Virginia. North Mountain, as early settlers in the eighteenth century referred to the stream as to the "back" of the ridge when approaching it from the east. . North Mountain’s Roundtop Summit is also the site of a deactivated microwave relay station that was used during the Cold War. The unit was encased in a 103 ft. tower, and known as the "Cowpuncher".  The site was closed in 1977 and has been demolished.

Tower History and Purpose             

Construction of Cowpuncher tower was complete during the late 50’s early 60’s. Originally named Copper the cylindrical tower was renamed Cowpuncher in 1965.  Cowpuncher was exactly the same construction and served the same purpose as Cannonball.  The tower was part of a microwave network designed to provide communications to the President of the United States and emergency communications in the event of a nuclear attack. The Microwave route connected Camp David, Mt Weather, Site R and other key bodies of government directly to the White House.

Google Earth view of Cowpuncher Tower near Martinsburg WV. Site has been demolished
 Google Earth view of Cowpuncher Tower near Martinsburg WV. Site has been demolished
Cross Section View of Tower  

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