Thursday, August 17, 2017

The Day Lyndon Baines Johnson Became President



LBJ IS SWORN IN AS PRESIDENT
Lady Byrd, LBJ and Jackie Kennedy aboard Air Force One

Type of Activity
Political Rally and Motorcade
Location
Location
Dallas, Texas
Date of Activity
22 N0v. 1963
Coordinates


President Kennedy decided to embark on the trip to Texas with three basic goals in mind: he wanted to help raise more Democratic Party presidential campaign fund contributions; he wanted to begin his quest for reelection in November 1964; and, because the Kennedy-Johnson ticket had barely won Texas in 1960 (and had even lost in Dallas), President Kennedy wanted to help mend political fences among several leading Texas Democratic party members who appeared to be fighting politically amongst themselves.

Little did anyone ever imagine that this day in history would forever be remembered for changing the American Presidency forever! At the end of this day the United States would have a new President of the United States with the swearing in of Lyndon B. Johnson aboard Air Force One.

Sequence of events November 22, 1963

11:25 am.  After an overnight at Ft. Worth, Air Force One departed Carswell AFB for Dallas. It was a short flight aboard Air Force One.

11:40 am.  Arriving at Dallas Love Field where a reception line of Dallas dignitaries, including Mayor and Mrs. Earle Cabell waited at the bottom of the stairs with a bouquet of red roses for Jackie. 

President and Mrs.  Kennedy deplane in Dallas 
A reception line of Dallas dignitaries greeted the President and First Lady

Vice President and Mrs. Johnson at Love Field

11:50 am. The Presidential Motorcade leaves Love Field on Friday, November 22, 1963

The rain had cleared and the temperature was in the 60s so, by a standing order issued by JFK himself, the car’s bubble top of the Presidential limousine was not installed over its occupants in order to give the people of Dallas a more intimate view of the President and his party.

The President and First Lady spent almost 15 minutes mingling with the excited Love Field crowd before climbing into the back seat of their convertible limousine, joining Governor and Mrs. Connally who occupied the jump seats. 
The Presidential Motorcade Departs Love Field
Vice President Johnson’s Limo and USSS Follow-Up Car 

12:30 pm. As the motorcade made its way through a very large turnout of supporters, the open limousine heads west through Dealey Plaza when President Kennedy was fatally shot and Texas Governor Connally was seriously wounded by an assassin later identified as Lee Harvey Oswald.

1:00 pm. The President was rushed to Parkland Hospital and pronounced dead after arriving at Parkland Hospital.
Parkland Hospital Emergency Room

Boarding Air Force One

2:28 pm.  Lyndon Baines Johnson is sworn in as president aboard Air Force One with Jackie Kennedy at his side. 
LBJ receives the oath of office aboard AF-1

2:47 pm.  Air Force 1 departed Dallas Love Field to return to Washington D.C.

6:05 pm.  Air Force One landed at Andrews AFB

The President's Casket is moved from AF-1 to Hearse at Andrews AFB 

Jackie Kennedy at Andrews AFB

LBJ would serve out JFK’s term as President; he ran for reelection in 1964 and won. It was later in 1965 that I was interviewed and accepted an assignment with the White House Communications Agency and spent nine years providing communications for the White House!


The WHCA AFTER ACTION REPORTS OF NOVEMBER 22, 1963

THE WHITE HOUSE
WASHINGTON
April 1, 1997

Ronald G. Haron
Senior Attorney
Assassinations Records Review Board
600 E. Street 2nd Floor
Washington D.C. 20530

Dear Mr. Haron,

White House Communications Agency (WHCA) has searched their files for assassination-related records and was able to locate several statements from WHCA personnel who were on duty at various locations at the time of the assassination of President Kennedy. These statements were found in a folder titled “PRES KENNEDY ASSASSINAITON”. Copies of the statements are attached. There is no other assassination related material in the folder, except the list of telephone calls recorded by the White House switchboard on 22 November 1963, previously forwarded to your office.

The WHCA has completed its assassination-related records search.

Sincerely
SIGNED
Gregory G. Raths
Lt. Col. USMC
Assistant Chief of Staff
White House Office


White House Communications Agency (WHCA) Communications Center Switchboard
Radio Operators after Action Reports
[BK Notes: Many thanks to Doug Horne for providing these records] 


The Dallas White House switchboard had been established in the Sheraton-Dallas Hotel

WHCA Trip Officer for Presidential Visit to Dallas, Texas
CWO Arthur W. Bales, Jr. 

The following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 

THE WHITE HOUSE COMMUNICATIONS BRANCH 
SUBJECT: Sequence of Events – 22 November 1963
TO: Commanding Officer, WHCA 

1. Prior Communications Arrangements: The Dallas White House had been established in the   Sheraton-Dallas Hotel, and Communications facilities included a one-position switchboard with 3 dial trunks, 2 LD’s 3 tie lines to the Fort Worth White House Board, 1 tie line to the Sheraton-Dallas Hotel Bd., 3 extensions to Love Field, 4 extensions to the Dallas Trade Mart (site of the President’s scheduled speech), secure teletype equipment, and radio and phone patch facilities to cover the motorcade.

2. Planned schedule of Events: The undersigned was to cover the President’s arrival at Love Field and, with the Special WHCA Courier, travel in the motorcade and cover all stops to include the President’s departure from Dallas. SSGT Robert D. Brazell, with six men, were manning the Dallas White House; and seven men, making the Texas circuit aboard the Press Plane, were to remain at Love Field, as they would not be needed in Dallas. A recoding technician, Specialist John Muhlers, was set up and stationed at the Dallas Trade Mart to record the President’s speech and to furnish audio feeds to the various news media. 

3. The arrival and Motorcade: Air Force One landed and the President spent some time shaking hands and greeting the large crowd at Love Field. The motorcade then departed for the trip through downtown Dallas and to the Trade Mart. In the WHCA Communications Car were: A telco driver; the undersigned WHCA Advance Officer; the WHCA Courier, Mr. Gearheart; and the Telco special representative (or “Shadow”), Mr. Herb Smith. We were approximately six cars and two (Press and Staff) buses behind the President. The motorcade had just passed the last buildings on the route before entering the freeway to the Trade Mart. The WHCA Communications Car was around two corners from and not in sight of the President’s car. Three explosions were heard, and I thought that they were backfires from vehicles up ahead. Herb Smith remarked that firecrackers were inappropriate for the occasion. Then the USSS Agent riding with the President announced on the FM “Charlie” radio, Lawson, he’s hit”. The motorcade came to an abrupt halt with one bus and the WHCA car still around two corners from the President. Realizing that emergency communications facilities may be required on the spot, I instructed the driver to get Mr. Gearhart immediately to the vicinity of the President and to keep him there regardless of my own location. I, with the Telco representative, Mr. Smith, then started running toward the scene of the shooting. As we rounded the first corner the motorcade suddenly raced away. I commandeered a police car and instructed the driver to take us immediately to the Parkland Hospital. We arrived short minutes after the President

4. The Parkland Hospital: The very limited telephone facilities at the hospital were tired up by the members of the Press Pool. I immediately seized all but one line (leaving Merriman Smith on the one most remote from the Emergency Rooms) and established direct circuits to the Signal Board in Washington; the Dallas White House Switchboard; and to the Signal board via the Dallas and Fort Worth White House Boards. I assigned police officers to guard these phones and instructed the individual Signal Operators in Washington who were on these circuits to handle no other calls, but to guard these lines exclusively. I then ordered six lines in to the hospital from the Dallas White House Board and informed appropriate White House Aides of my actions. I then checked back with the Dallas White House and learned that SSGT Brazell had, on is own initiative, ordered in an additional switchboard position, 3 additional dial trunks, 4 trunks to Washington, and had alerted Telco to the possibility of further TTY facilities being required. I instructed SSGT Brazell to direct four of the seven men (Press Plane Riders) at Love Field to report to me at the hospital, and the other three reports to him at the hotel. The six lines to the hospital, the four trunks to Washington, and the additional TTY facilities were cancelled before completion. As the WHCA personnel arrived from Love Field, they replaced the police officers who had been guarding the seized telephone lines. At the appropriate time I instructed Mr. Gearhart to remain with the President Johnson, and they left shortly for Love Field. I remained at the hospital and later went to the field with (the body of) President Kennedy and Mrs. Kennedy, instructing the WHCA personnel to remain at the hospital until released by the White House Staff personnel who were remaining there a while longer. Meanwhile, I had advised Captain Stoughton, WHCA Photographer, and SP5 Muler (Recording – stationed at the Trade Mart) of President Johnson’s return to Air Force One: enabling Captain Stoughton to be the only photographer aboard when the President took his oath of office. Muler recorded the proceedings, and the tape was returned to Washington via Colonel McNally aboard the Press Plane.

ARTHUR W. BALES, JR. 
CWO USA
Trip Officer
Chief Switchboard Operator White House Switchboard in Dallas, Texas
SSG Robert Brazell

The following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 

PHYSICAL SITUATION

1. 1 Position 555 PBX trunking to Washington through Ft. Worth with no direct connection to  
          Washington.
2. 3 City Dials
3. 3 LD Toll Terminals 
4. Radio on top of PBX 

CHRONOLOGICAL SEQUENCE OF EVENTS 

1. Complete relaxation waiting for parade to arrive at luncheon site.

2. (1230) A Sudden blaring of radio “Lead us straight to the hospital he’s been shot – repetition
“He’s been shot.”

3. Realization of inadequate facilities to handle any emergency of this type.

4. Placed order for additional 555 positions, additional dial trunks and more extensions in the Room even before the party arrived at the hospital.

5. Party reached hospital and all dial trunks lit up immediately.

6. Direct connection set up immediately between Agent directly outside of emergency room and Mr. Behn in his office in Washington which became the Washington Command Post and he cleared the house. Ordered to monitor the circuit which was done to the best of our ability, on top of moving regular traffic

7. Calls from members of the President’s family bridged into the Behn-Emergency room focus. (E.g. Attorney General asked whether a priest had been called.)

8. Constant advisement on the location of the Vice President.

9. Made arrangements with police to have WHCA Press Plane party rushed to hotel for use as needed.


10. Dispatch of part of this contingent to assist at the hospital on CWO Bales’ orders.

11. Mr. Kilduff ordered the return of the delegation enroute to Japan immediately upon perceiving the   seriousness of the situation. Placing of this in the hands of the WHCA Duty Officer in Washington.

12. Answering calls with extension on top of PBX; then routing them to proper spot. Utilized radio man Lukens on “hold and wait” calls.

13. President Johnson returns to aircraft.

14. Second peak of calls for day doing such things as finding Judge Sarah T. Hughes to swear in the President and find someone in the Department of Justice to dictate the oath of office. Vice President Johnson personally spoke to the clerk In Judge Hughes’ Office.

15. By this time the telephone company had performed a near miracle and installed the second 555 position with three additional dial trunks on it. 

16. An effort was being made to bring up four full periods back to Washington but desisted when It became obvious that the need for them was almost over.

17. as a general comment: enough traffic passed through that one position 555 as should normally have gone through a 3-position PBX at full throttle.

SSgt Brazell

PS: The Switchboard operator recalls placing a call from Attorney General to Air Force One prior to the swearing in ceremonies; he does not know to whom he spoke but feels it was to the Vice President. 

WHCA Signal Board and Communications Center handled traffic from Dallas and other sources.
Chief Switchboard Operator, Signal Switchboard, Washington, D.C.
MSG Tarbell,

The Following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 

On November 22, 1963 the first indication of any sort of trouble in Texas was a short UPI release which came in on the printer in the Comm Center at approximately 12:30 p.m. stating that the President had been shot in Dallas, Texas. We here at the Washington Switchboard had heard nothing of any trouble. However, shortly after we received this we received an incoming call from Agent Emory Roberts in Dallas asking for Chief Wildy and then right after this call another call from Mr. Bales at the hospital in Dallas, asking us to stay on the line and keep the circuit open. One operator did just that. We actually did not get official word of the assassination. The Information via radio and of course, there were many rumors as to who had been killed or wounded. First reports had it that an Agent had been shot along with the President. Of course, not having any official word, we could not give out any information. 

As the minutes passed it became more and more apparent that what was just rumor was not fact and at approximately 2:05 p.m. official word was released that President Kennedy had been shot and killed while riding in a motorcade in Dallas. Immediately after the announcement, the switchboard went completely wild with everyone attempting to call out and anxious wives trying to call in to find out if their husbands were all right. The Sterling Exchange within a short time became overloaded and we could not dial out. The focal point for calls here at the White House was John McNally’s office in the East Wing with Senators and Congressmen proceeding there. It soon became apparent that one line off of our board could not handle traffic so five (5) additional temporary lines were asked for and were installed at 1645 to Mr. McNally’s office. 

We had no direct lines to Dallas, Texas off our board. We had full period loops to Fort Worth, Texas and they worked Dallas off their board. They only had a two position 555 and could not really handle too large volume of traffic. They were able to advise us when the oath of office was administered to President Johnson and when Air Force 1 took off from Dallas. As soon as it was ascertained where the body of President Kennedy was to be taken we started asking for lines to that location. One line to the Naval Medical Center was installed at 1850 and an additional line to same location was put in at 2052. During the time that Air Force 1 was enroute back here, we had a constant phone patch up to them with President Johnson calling various people here in D.C. and in Texas. 

At this time we only had one line off our board to the President’s residence on 52nd Street, N.W. It was decided that this would not be sufficient to handle traffic so five additional lines were installed to that location at approximately 2200. Also at the same time, we had President
Johnson’s commercial phone disconnected at this residence. 

The personnel on duty here at the Signal Switchboard on the day shift of course did not leave at 3:00 p.m. when the shift ordinarily ends, but stayed on duty until approximately 7:00 p.m. with the exception of me and I went home at 11:00 p.m. after a long and hectic day.

Never in all my experience on the switchboard have I ever seen a board so busy for such a great length of time. It was an experience which all of us here at the Switchboard do not want to see this happen again at least in our lifetime

(Sgt. Tarbell) 

Chief Operator, Communications Center, Washington D.C
SFC Carriger

The following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 
Someone handed me a bulletin from UPI stating that President Kennedy had been shot in Dallas, Tex. I immediately called Sgt. Tucker and passed info to her. Her immediate reaction was “Oh, you’re kidding me”, repeated several times. After I had somewhat convinced her that info received over UPI news circuit, she said she would pass to Major Patterson.

Next I took bulletin to Mr. Harmon, the Duty Officer. He was on phone at the time trying to get verification and amplification of facts. All later releases were passed to Mr. Harmon to centralize all info.
We were working Dallas via TWX. We immediately called Dallas and kept them “up” on the TWX. We next attempted to get a full period on-line ckt with Dallas. I don’t recall if this project was completed. Next, we re-activated full period on-line ckt to Ft. Worth. This took approx. two hours to complete due to the fact the circuit had been released to Telco earlier.

Comm Center personnel were calling in for instructions. Advised to “stick close to phone” and if anything developed, we would advise. Some of the evening trick personnel reported for duty as much as one and a half hours early and some of the day trick personnel stayed on duty until President Johnson returned to Wash, D.C
There were no increases in traffic during this time. However, later that night, we started receiving messages of condolences from various heads of State.

During the return flight of AF-1 from Dallas, we were working the aircraft via KW-7. The operator aboard the aircraft was so busy that he could not attend the ckt. We attempted to relay three or
four messages of condolences to AF-1 (one of the messages was from Queen Elizabeth) but were unable to ascertain that the message was received.  
Polly Yates, Asst. to General Clifton 
We informed Polly Yates of situation. She said if were unable to get a receipt for the messages, she would see that they were available for delivery upon PRESUS arrival in Wash. D.C.
We did not get any acknowledgements of Receipt and Miss Yates was so informed. 

SFC CARRIGER
Operator, Communications Center, Washington, D.C
SP 4 White

The following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 
Someone handed me a bulletin from UPI stating that President Kennedy had been shot in Dallas, Tex. I immediately called Sgt. Tucker and passed info to her. Her immediate reaction was “Oh, you’re kidding me”, repeated several times. After I had somewhat convinced her that info received over UPI news ckt, she said she would pass to Major Patterson. 

Next I took bulletin to Mr. Harmon, the Duty Officer. He was on phone at the time trying to get verification and amplification of facts. All later releases were passed to Mr. Harmon to centralize all info. 

We were working Dallas via TWX. We immediately called Dallas and kept them “up” on the TWX. We next attempted to get a full period on-line ckt with Dallas. I don’t recall if this project was completed. Next, we re-activated full period on-line ckt to Ft. Worth. This took approx. two hours to complete due to the fact the circuit had been released to Telco earlier. 

Comm Center personnel were calling in for instructions. Advised to “stick close to phone” and if anything developed, we would advise. Some of the evening trick personnel reported for duty as much as one and a half hours early and some of the day trick personnel stayed on duty until President Johnson returned to Wash, D.C.

There were no increases in traffic during this time. However, later that night, we started reviving messages of condolences from various heads of State. 
 
During return flight of AF-1 from Dallas, we were working the aircraft via KW-7. The operator aboard the aircraft was so busy that he could not attend the ckt. We attempted to relay three or four messages of.

SP4 Witte 
Operator, Communications Center, Washington, D.C
SGT Bodenstiner
The following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 
I was wandering about the Comm Center as usual picking up little bits of information about how the place worked when I was attracted by a series of 5 bells on UPI. I looked over PFC Russell’s shoulder to see what was about to appear. There was nothing for what seemed like a long time, but was probably less than ten seconds, and then, on a line, in a shaky hand came UPI’s bulletin heading “….Dallas, with Kennedy….” The text consisted of five words on line, gabled, misspelled and unsteady, “Kennedy, Connelly shot, possibly fatally.” and then nothing.

Russell jumped and said “hey you guys look at this!” The guys were SGTS Dreyllinger and Bodensteinger who were standing by the TWX. Dreylinger and Bodensteiner laughed slightly, as one would at a bad joke (which, it turned out, is what they thought it was). I went around to check the patch board to make sure someone hadn’t plugged UPI onto a different machine and put a piece of our gear at the other end of the monitor I had been watching in order to see what kind of action they could get out of duping a couple of new bodies in the Comm Center (It had been a slow afternoon). For a full minute people just walked around in circles, Russell and I affirming that we had actually seen the bulletin come in on the monitor (although admitting the possibility that someone at UPI might be wanting to lose his job in a hurry), and the rest of the Comm Center personnel becoming more and more convinced that the bulletin was real. AP came in with a confirming bulletin in about 70 seconds after UPI. Someone called the Duty Officer. A couple of people, including me began to ring up the trip sites and put them in uppers.
Someone in the front office began to call up off duty personnel and have some of them report to the Comm Center. SFC McCullough began to get the suitcases down from above the ECTRRM gear. I spent the rest of the afternoon passing general info and info from the news services to the
trip sites.
Patrick and I went home at the usual time, more to get us out of the way than for any other reason. 
I was working on a circuit near our UPI and AP news monitors when one of the other operators, who had been reading the news, told me that the President had been shot. My first reaction was   that I though he was only joking 
He then told me to come and read it on the UPI monitor myself. This still didn’t convince me that it was true, thinking that he could have easily typed it on the machine himself as a joke. I no sooner had told him that wasn’t a very nice rumor to start when I saw a more detailed item come over our AP monitor. We then told the other operators and the D.O. was notified.

The next hour or so was spent mostly between watching the news for the latest developments and informing our personnel that were out at the various trip sites on this tour of the President. 


The rest of the day followed the general routine for a normal day, except for the atmosphere of and the conversation among the operators on duty.
Most of the operators on the day shift stayed over three to four hours after the normal shift change in case of any unexpected occurrence.

SGT BODENSTEINER 
Air Force One 26000 Radio Console
Radio Operator, aboard AF-1 for the flight from Dallas to Washington D.C
MSG John Trimble

The following is approximately the sequence of events, as recalled by the undersigned, in Dallas, Texas, 22 November 1963 
After an overnight at Ft. Worth, Air Force One departed Carswell AFB at 1125 AM (Local Time) for Dallas. After a short flight we arrived at Dallas and blocked in at 1140 AM.

After the rain storm of the previous night the sun seemed particularly bright as the President and First Lady deplaned to the warm greeting of what was probably the largest crowd of the Texas tour. The Last we were to see of them together was when they departed the airport in their open car. 
The first indication that anything was amiss came when one of the WHCA representatives, Theron Burgess, who was on duty at the airport, told me that someone in the motorcade had been hurt. My first reaction was that one of the Secret Service Agents had fallen from the car. About 15 minutes later we were told the ready the airplane for immediate take-off. At this time we were not told why we were leaving or what our destination would be. No information was forthcoming at this time and since we at least needed a destination for flight clearance purpose Col. Swindal asked me to check with the switchboard. After identifying myself to the switchboard operator he told me that the President had been shot and that no other information was available. This was relayed to Col. Swindal although he had just heard it himself from another source. 
My communications equipment had been on since receiving the immediate take-off order. I had cleared a voice and teletype frequency with Andrews Airways. Even though I was using the call sign AF 26000 and could not tell the reason for clearing a voice frequency, Andrews cooperated fully. I was making periodic signal checks with Andrews when someone entered the airplane and said the President was dead. 
All the chatter ceased and I think we were all numb and did out jobs automatically as we waited for the body to arrive from the hospital; waited for President Johnson; and finally for the judge to arrive and perform the swearing-in ceremony. We departed Dallas at 1447 Dallas time for the three hour flight to Washington.

I was busy every minute of the trip and had three phone patches going simultaneously for much of the time. The normal HF air to ground communications had to yield to higher priority traffic. Some position reports were sent, some were not. Quite a bit of time was spent by Dr. Burkley and General Clifton in the air and General Heaton on the ground concerning removal and preparation of the body after reaching Andrews. 


My circuits were in continuous use and Andrews always had a waiting list of various officials who wanted to communicate with the airplane. Due to the limited facilities on both ends, many times I had to decide who we would talk with next. I had a good knowledge of the Kennedy team and don’t think I made any mistakes in this respect. 

We had been cleared to an altitude of 29,000 feet upon leaving Dallas. I was able to send one of the few position reports over Nashville and found that we were then at 41,000 feet because of winds and weather. 
About this time I received a call from the rear of the plane saying that President Johnson wanted a phone patch with Mrs. Rose Kennedy. I immediately seized my best frequency and placed the call through Andrews and the WHCA switchboard. A short time later both the President and Mrs. Johnson offered their condolences to Mrs. Rose Kennedy. These Mrs. Kennedy accepted in a strong, clear voice.
A few minutes later I placed a call, again through the WHCA switchboard to the wife of Governor Connally in Dallas. Both the President and the First Lady talked with Mrs. Connally and assured her that the Governor would be all right. 
The rest of the flight was about as hectic as the first. We landed at Andrews and blocked in at 1805 local time. 
A large crowd and many bright lights were visible when the doors were opened. Mrs. Kennedy was scheduled to leave by another exit but insisted on being lowered to the ramp with the remains. She entered the ambulance and accompanied the body out of sight. 
After President Johnson made his very short talk and departed, I remember thinking what irony that this terrible thing had to happen at all --- but to have it happen in the United States. Somehow it was still unbelievable.
JOHN C. TRIMBLE
MSGT, WHCA


PRESIDENTIAL MOTORCADE



NOV22, 1963 DALLAS, TEXAS

President's Car, 1961 Lincoln Continental Convertible (modified)

ADVANCE CAR                                             

1. DPD Capt. Perdue W. Lawrence
(DPD Call #125)

Vehicle: hardtop - provided by DPD    

Aka: lead police vehicles (CE 767)

Relevant photos/film: none.

Occupant sources; CE 767, CE 769, 7H582 Lawrence, Lawrence

Exhibit 2

Notes:

PILOT CAR                                                                       

1. DPD Dep. Chief George L. (G.L.) Lumpkin (DPD Call #5)
2. DPD Det. Faye M. (F.M.) Turner
3. DPD Det. William "Billy" L. Senkle
4. Lt. Col. George L. Whitmeyer, U.S. Army
    Reserve, East Texas Section Commander
5. Jacob "Jack" L. Puterbaugh - White House

Vehicle: White Ford sedan - provided by DPD

Aka: lead police vehicles (CE 767)

Pilot car (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: none.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768, 4H170 Curry, Stevenson Exhibit 5053, interview by author of G.L. Lumpkin.

Notes:

ADVANCE MOTORCYCLES                                      

1. DPD Sgt. S.Q. Bellah
(DPD Call #190)
(DPD Equipment #)
2. DPD Glen C. (G.C.) McBride
(DPD Call #133)
(DPD Equipment #340)
3. DPD J.B. Garrick
(DPD Call #132)
(DPD Equipment #358)

Vehicles: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles

Aka:    Lead police vehicles (CE 767)
Motorcycles (CE 768)
Lead motorcycle squad-N&A

Relevant photos/film: DCA film, Altgens 1-2, Bothun 1, Moorman 3.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2.

Notes: These 3 motorcycle officers ride ahead of the motorcade at Main and Houston to cut off Stemmons Freeway traffic (Lawrence Exhibit 2). Moorman #3 shows McBride and a portion of Bellah's motorcycle (Mack and author's interview with Jean Hill, 10/15/92). After the shots, Bellah reports to Dealey Plaza (DPD Recordings). Officer TA Hutson testified that he thought Garrick was at the entrance of the Depository shortly after the shooting (7H28). McBride's actions are unknown. 

 Advance Motorcycles
LEAD MOTORCYCLES
 
1. DPD Leon E. (L.E.) Grey
            (DPD Call #156)
(DPD Equipment #351)
2. DPD E.D. "Buddy" Brewer
(DPD Call #137)
(DPD Equipment #348)
3. DPD Harold B. (H.B.) Freeman
(DPD Call #135)
(DPD Equipment #345)
4. DPD W.G. Lumpkin
(DPD Call #152)
(DPD Equipment #343)
5. DPD Sgt. Stavis Ellis
(DPD Call #150)
(DPD Equipment #)
            (NPOA)

Vehicles: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles

Aka:    Lead police vehicles (CE 767)
Motorcycles (CE 768)
Lead motorcycle squad (N&A)

Relevant photos/film:  DCA film, Altgens 1-2, Bothun 1, Croft 1, Bond 1, Weaver 1, Moorman
            4 (missing), Bell film sequence, McIntyre 1.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2, 6H303-308 Brewer, author's interviews with Stavis Ellis and
               W.G. Lumpkin.

Notes: At Main and Houston Brewer and Freeman join the 3 Advance Motorcycles to assist in Stemmons Freeway traffic control, leaving Ellis, Grey and Lumpkin leading the motorcade through Dealey Plaza (Lawrence Exhibit 2). None of the three leave the motorcade as is claimed to be seen in the Zapruder film, as all three can be seen beyond the underpass in the Bell film and in the McIntyre photograph. Ellis, Grey, and Lumpkin escort the motorcade to Parkland (author's interviews with Ellis and Lumpkin, Bowles Manuscript). After the shots and traffic control on Stemmons, Brewer reports to Dealey Plaza by driving back the wrong way on Elm Street. Freeman goes on to Parkland (Lifton). However, Officer TA Hutson testified that he thought Freeman was at the entrance of the Depository shortly after the shooting (7H28). Brewer is later inside the TSBD on the 6th floor. Moorman #4, which is missing, shows Lumpkin and the sixth-floor corner window of the Depository (Mack).


Lead Motorcycles
LEAD CAR                                                     

1. DPD Chief Jesse E. (J.E.) Curry
(DPD Call #1)
2. SA Winston George "Win" Lawson (SSR)
3. DC Sheriff James Eric (J.E.) "Bill" Decker
(DPD Call Dallas #1)
4. SAIC Forrest V. Sorrels

Vehicle: White Ford Mercury 4-door sedan
   Lisc TX #N or M U 8631 - provided by DPD

Aka: 

Relevant photos/film: DCA film, Croft 1, Altgens 1-3, Martin film sequence, Hughes film sequence,
Weaver 1, Altgaz 1-7

Occupant sources: CE 768, CE 771, 4H170 Curry, 17H628 Lawson.

Notes: SA Lawson has portable DCN SS radio tuned to "Charlie" frequency, however, according to Curry it "wasn't working too well" at the time of the assassination, and thus there was "no radio contact" between the Lead Car and the Presidential Limousine (Curry 2).

Lead Car

PRESIDENTIAL LIMOUSINE

(SS WHCA code-SS-100-X)
1. SA William R. "Bill" Greer
2. ASAIC Roy H. Kellerman (SSR)
(SS WHCA code-Digest)
3. Mrs. Nellie B. "Nell" Connally
4. Governor John B. Connally
5. Mrs. Jacqueline B. "Jackie' Kennedy
(SS WHCA code-Lace)
6. President John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy
(SS WHCA code-Lancer)

Vehicle: Midnight blue 4 door 1961 Lincoln
   Continental Convertible (modified)
   Lisc DC #GG 300 (3/31/64) - provided by SS

Aka: President's Car, SS-100-X (CE 767 & 768)

Relevant photos/film: many.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768, 2H68-70 & 18H724-727, 728-729 Kellerman, 2H115 & 18H723
Greer, 4H130-131 Connally.

Notes: "#7" in right-front windshield. Limousine has mounted SS radio tuned to "Charlie" frequency. All SS agents armed with .38 revolvers. SA Hill moves back and forth from the SS car to the limousine, finally staying there following the shooting until arrival at Parkland. Presidential Limousine comes abreast of and passes the Lead car on west side of Triple Underpass. Limousine armor plated for President Johnson by Hess & Eisenhart of Cincinnati and is presently on display at Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, Michigan. )

The Bubble Top
Presidential Motorcade in Dallas
President Kennedy, First Lady and Texas Gov. John Connally

PRESIDENTIAL MOTORCYCLES

1. DPD William Joseph (Billy Joe, B.J.) Martin         
(DPD Call #131)
(DPD Equipment #344)
2. DPD Robert Weldon (Bobby, B.W.) Hargis
(DPD Call #136)
(DPD Equipment #347)
3. DPD James M. (J.M.) Chaney
(DPD Call #151)
(DPD Equipment #337)
4. DPD Douglas L. (D.L.) Jackson
(DPD Call #138)
(DPD Equipment #356)

Vehicles: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles

Aka: motorcycles (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: many.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2, 6H289-293 Martin, 6H294-296 Hargis and the Steve Barber                    interview of Robert Hargis, Bowles Manuscript.

Notes: Chaney and Jackson stop for a few seconds in Dealey Plaza after shooting. Chaney then moves ahead and informs Chief Curry that The President has been hit. Jackson follows him and the two escorts the motorcade to Parkland Hospital (WFAA Tapes, Bowles Manuscript). Hargis "parks" his motorcycle in the middle of Elm after the shots and runs over to the north Elm sidewalk near the fallen Newman family. He returns to his motorcycle and rides under the Triple Underpass to check the other side. He then returns to Dealey Plaza, specifically outside the TSBD (6H295-296). Hargis Does not run up the grassy knoll as is often claimed. Officer Martin escorts the motorcade to Parkland Hospital (Paschall pc film sequence, Bell film sequence, Daniels film sequence 1, 6H291-292, Bowles Manuscript).


Presidential Motorcycles

PRESIDENTIAL SECRET SERVICE FOLLOW-UP CAR
(SS WHCA code-Halfback)

1. SA Samuel A. "Sam" Kinney                             
2. ASAIC Emory P. Roberts (SSR)
(SS WHCA code-Dusty)
3. P. Kenneth "Ken" O'Donnell-Special Assistant to President
(SS WHCA code-Wand)
4. David F. Powers-Assistant to President
*-private color movie (last sequence 12:25)
5. SA George W. Hickey Jr.
6. SA Glen A. Bennet
7. SA Clinton L. "Clint" Hill
(SS WHCA code-Dazzle)
8. SA William "Tim" McIntyre
9. SA John D. "Jack" Ready
10. SA Paul E. Landis
(SS WHCA code-Debut)

Vehicle: Black 4 door 1956 Cadillac
Touring 4-door convertible
Lisc DC #GG 301 - provided by SS

Aka:    SS Follow-Up Car SS-679-X (CE 767 & 768)
Secret Service Follow-Up Car (N&A)
Queen Mary (Youngblood p.109)

Relevant photos/film: many.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768. 2H68-70 Kellerman,
2H134-136 & 18H809 Hill, 7H472-474 Powers
7H446-447 O’Donnell, 8H 730-765 (SS agent reports)

Notes: Follow-up car has mounted SS radio tuned to "Charlie" Frequency.  All SS agents armed with .38 revolvers. Hickey has AR-15 Colt .223 automatic rifle. SA Hill moves back and forth from the SS car to the limousine, finally staying there following the shooting until arrival at Parkland. SA Bennett moves to limousine on Main Street and returns to Follow-Up Car. During shooting SA Ready runs towards the limousine but is called back by ASAIC Roberts (18H749).

Presidential USSS Follow up Car (Halfback)
First Lady tries to get help
USSS Follow Up Car leaves Dealey Plaza, heading to Parkland Hospital

VICE PRESIDENTIAL CAR
 
1. TOPS Herschel D. Jacks                                                                        
2. ASAIC Rufus Wayne Youngblood (SSR)
(SS WHCA code-Dagger)
3. Congressman Ralph W. Yarborough
4. Mrs. C.A. "Lady Bird" Johnson
(SS WECA code-Victoria)
 Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson
(SS WHCA code-Volunteer)

Vehicle: Steel grey 1964 Lincoln 4-door convertible
Lisc 0060 provided by Eagle Lincoln-Mercury Dallas through Dick Fisher

Aka: Vice President's Car (CE 767, CE 768 and N&A)

Relevant photos/film: many.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768, 2H68-70 Kellerman, 2H156-148 & 18H766,772, Youngblood, 7H439-440 Yarbrough, 18H801 Jacks, Youngblood, authors interview with Youngblood 3/5/93.


Notes: All SS agents armed with .38 revolvers. Vehicle obtained from Ford dealer in Dallas (18H778). ASAIC Youngblood has portable DCN SS radio tuned to "Baker" frequency. Youngblood moves to rear seat to shield Johnson during the shooting and remains there until arrival at Parkland (2H149-152 Youngblood).

Vice Presidents Limo
Vice President and Mrs Johnson

VICE PRESIDENTIAL SECRET SERVICE FOLLOW-UP CAR
(SS WHCA code-Varsity)

1. TDPS Joe Henry Rich                                                                  
2. Clifton C. Carter-Political Aide to Vice
President (SSR, Kivett's)
3. SA Jerry D. Kivett
(SS WHCA code-Daylight)
4. SA Warren W. "Woody" Taylor
5. ASAIC Thomas Lemuel "Lem" Johns (SSR)
(SS WHCA code-Dandy)

Vehicle: Yellow 1964 Ford Mercury 4-door sedan,
Model 54A Monterey with Breezeway Design
Lisc TX #P2 0060 - vehicle provided by Eagle Lincoln-Mercury Dallas through Dick Fisher.

Aka: Vice President's Follow-up Car (CE 767)
VP Follow-Car (CE 768)
Vice President's Secret Service Car (N&A)
#5 (Trask)

Relevant photos/film: many.

Occupant sources: CE 768, 2H 68-70 Kellerman, 7H474-475 Carter, 18H800 Rich, 18H 773-775 Johns, 18H 776-777, 778-781 Kivett, 18H 782-784 Taylor, Youngblood, authors interview with Youngblood 3/5/93 and Glynn 3/5/93.

Notes: All SS agents armed with .38 revolvers. ASAIC Johns has portable DCN SS radio tuned to "Baker" frequency. Carter has SA Kivett's portable DCN SS radio tuned to "Charlie" frequency in his lap (7H474). Left rear door is open throughout motorcade. SA Johns exits car in Dealey Plaza, is left in Dealey Plaza, and catches a ride in Camera Car #1(18H774).

Vice President's Limo and USSS Follow Up Car

MAYOR'S CAR

1. TDPS Milton T. Wright (Badge #790)                           
2. Dallas City Mayor Earle Cabel
3. Elizabeth "Dearie" Cohen
4. Congressman Raymond Roberts

Vehicle: White 1964 Ford Mercury Comet Caliente
2-door convertible, model 76B with red interior,
Visors raised - vehicle provided by Eagle Lincoln-Mercury
 Dallas through Dick Fisher.

Aka: Car #1 (CE 768 & Curry 1, p.16)
Dignitary Car 1 (Cutler)
Dignitary 1 (Trask)

Relevant photos/film: DCA film, Dorman film, Craven film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, 7H478-479 Cabel, 7H485-486 Mrs. Cabel, 18H802 Wright, Manchester,  DMN

Notes: #1 in front windshield.

Mayor Cabel's Wife waiting at Parkland Hospital

NATIONAL PRESS POOL CAR

1. SW Bell Telephone Co. Driver                                                      
2. Merriman Smith-UPI
3. Malcolm "Mac" Kilduff-Assistant White
House Press Secretary for President
(SS WHCA code-Warrior)
4. Robert E. Baskin-DMN Washington Bureau
5. Jack Bell-AP
6. Robert Clark-ABC

Vehicle: Grey or blue 1960 Chevrolet Bel Air2-door sedan
   Lisc TX #NJ 4115 – provided by SW Bell

Aka: Wire Service Car (CE 767)
Telephone Car (CE 768)
Telephone Company Car (Curry 1, p.16)
Press Car (Cutler)
Press Pool Car (N&A)
Press Pool Limousine (Biffle)
Print Press (Trask),

Relevant photos/film: DCA film, Zapruder film; Dorman film, Craven film, Wiegman film, Hughes film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, Bishop, DMN 11/20/63.

Notes: Coat on right rear window deck (Wiegman film). Following the shooting, this car and the cars forward of this point race off immediately out of Dealey Plaza for Parkland Hospital. The cars behind this car lag behind in Dealey Plaza, primarily due to the fact that this and the other camera cars stopped to let out passengers, with Camera Car #1 leading the rest and still in the Plaza at least 50 seconds after the fatal shot .(photo/film analysis). Kent Biffle identifies the driver as a "Texas" highway patrolman" (DMN 11/20/83).

National Press Pool Car


White House Press Vehicle Placard



















CAMERA CAR #1 MOTION PICTURE CAMERAS

1. Driver
2. John Hofan-NBC sound
3. David Wiegman, Jr.*-NBC B&W movie
4. Thomas J. Craven, Jr.*-CBS B&W movie
5. Cleveland "Cleve Ryan"-Lighting
Technician
6. Thomas "Ollie" Atkins*-United States Navy,
White House color movie

Vehicle: Yellow 1964 Chevrolet Impala
2-door convertible Super Sport (SS) provided by Earl Hayes
Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: Press Photo Car (CE 767)
Press Pool Convertible (CE 768)
Cam 1 (Cutler)
Movie Cam 1 (Trask)
National Press Car (N&A)

Relevant photos/film: Stoughton 1, Towner 2, Wiegman film, Couch film, DCA film, Zapruder film, Hughes film, Nix film, Martin film, Bell film, Atkins film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, C&A Article, Trask.

Notes: Wiegman, Atkins, and Craven jump out of car at head of Elm Street and run up the knoll to film the Newman’s. Camera Car #1 pulls out of line at the base of the knoll and Wiegman, Atkins and Craven re-enter the car. SA Lem Johns also enters this car at this point. Camera Car #1 then rejoins the motorcade between cars #15 and #16. At the Trade Mart it gets out of line and then rejoins the motorcade again, between cars #16 and #17. It arrives at Parkland at 12:45-12:50 PM (18H774).

Camera Car # 1

CAMERA CAR #2 NATIONAL STILL CAMERAS

1. Driver                                                                                          
2. Clint Grant*-DMN B&W still
3. Frank Cancellare *-UPI B&W still
4. Capt. Cecil Stoughton *- WHCA, White House color still
5. Arthur Rickerby *-Life B&W still
6. Henry Burroughs *-AP B&W still

Vehicle: Silver 1964 Chevrolet Impala 2-door convertible
Lisc TX 4 P1 7856 - provided by Earl Hayes
Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: Press Photo Car (CE 767)
Press Pool Convertible (CE 768)
Cam 2 (Cutler)
Still Cam 1(Trask)

Relevant photos/film: Towner 2, Willis 6, Wiegman film, Nix film, Couch film, DCA film, Darnell film, Zapruder film, Hughes film, Martin film, Bell film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, C&A Article, Trask.

Notes: Cancell are jumps out of car at the head of Elm Street, runs up the knoll to photograph the Newman’s, and does not return to motorcade, possibly riding to Parkland with Couch (see below).

Camera Car # 2

CAMERA CAR #3 LOCAL CAMERAS

1. DPS Driver                                                                                     
2. James H. Underwood *-KRLD (CBS) B&W movie
3. Thomas C. Dillard *-DMN B&W still
4. James Darnell*-WBAP Ch. 8 (NBC) B&W movie
5. Malcolm 0. Couch*-WFAA Ch. 5 (ABC) B&W movie
6. Robert H. Jackson*-DTH B&W still

Vehicle: Grey 1964 Chevrolet Impala 2-door convertible
          Provided by Earl Hayes Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka:  Press Photo Car (local press) (CE 767)
          Press Pool Convertible (CE 768)
          Cam 3 (Cutler)
          Local Cam 1 (Trask)
          Local Press Car (N&A)

Relevant photos/film: Wiegman film, Couch film, DCA film, Dorman film, Hughes film, Nix film, Martin film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, 6H155-157 Couch, 6H162-167 Dillard, 6H167-168 Jackson, C&A Article, Trask.

Notes: Jackson throws exposed film to a pre-arranged film drop at the NE corner of Main and Houston. The film falls to the ground. This is partially visible in Hughes film and may explain why Jackson took no photos at the time of the shots.  After shots, Underwood, Dillard, and Darnell jump out of the car at the head of Elm Street. Darnell films the Newman’s (Darnell film). Couch jumps out of the car at the base of Triple Underpass while Jackson remains. Underwood and Darnell remain in Dealey Plaza, while Dillard enters car #13. Couch and some other unidentified photographer(s), (Cancellare, Darnell?) later get a ride to Parkland from a passing motorist.

Camera Car # 3

FORWARD MID MOTORCADE MOTORCYCLES                 

1. DPD Hollis B. (H.B.) McLain                                                
(DPD Call #155)
(DPD Equipment #352)
2. DPD Marion L. (M.L.) Baker
(DPD Call 4134)
(DPD Equipment #346)
Lisc TX # G 1986

Vehicles: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles provided by DPD

Aka:

Relevant photos/film: Couch film, DCA film, Cancellare 1, Bond 4, Towner 3, Hughes film.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2

Notes: Baker and McLain are on Houston Street during the assassination (Bowles manuscript). Baker parks his motorcycle and enters Texas School Book Depository following the shots (3H249). Baker is later at Parkland Hospital (3H268). McLain escorts the motorcade to Parkland. Baker mistakenly identifies McLain as L.W. Williams in his Warren Commission testimony (3H268).
             
Motorcade Escorts

CONGRESSMAN’S CAR #1
 
1. Driver                                                                                        
2. Congressman George H. Mahon (Lubbock, TX)
3. Congressman Walter Rogers (Pampa, TX)
4. Congressman Homer Thornberry (Austin, TX)
5. Lawrence F. "Larry" O'Brien-Special Assistant to President

Vehicle: White 1964 Ford Mercury Comet Caliente
2-door convertible, model 76B with red top
Vehicle provided by Eagle Lincoln-Mercury Dallas through Dick Fisher.

Aka: Congressional Car (CE 767 and N&A)
Car #2 (CE 768 & Curry 1, p.16) (3
Dignitary Car 2 (Cutler)
Dignitary 2 (Trask)

Relevant photos/film:  Lewis W. Williams 2, Cancellare 2, Willis 6, Hughes film, Dorman film, and Martin film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, 7H461-465 O'Brien, Author’s interview with Jim Wright 7/29/92, Valenti.

Notes: "#2" in left front windshield. Dillard jumps on rear trunk and gets ride to Trade Mart and Parkland. Jim Wright identified from photos the man in the #3 positions as one W.R. Poage, Jr., however T can find no reference as to his being in this location, nor in the motorcade, yet several sources place Congressman Rogers in this car. Seth Kantor's handwritten notation on the White House List and his 3/5/93 letter indicate Poage was not on the trip. CE 768 incorrectly places Congressman Albert Thomas in this car.

Congressman's Car

CONGRESSMAN'S CAR #2

1. Driver                                                                                  
2. Congressman Albert Thomas (Houston, TX)
3. Congressman Jack Brooks (Beaumont, TX)
4. Congressman Lindey Beckworth (Gladewater, TX)
5. Congressman Olin E. "Tiger" Teague (College Station, TX)
6. Congressman James C. Wright, Jr. (Ft. Worth, TX)

Vehicle: White Ford Mercury Comet Caliente
2-door convertible, model 76D vehicle provided by Eagle
Lincoln-Mercury Dallas through Dick Fisher

Aka: Congressional Car (CE 767 and N&A)
Car #3 (CE 768 & Curry 1, p.16)
Dignitary Car #3 (Cutler)

Relevant photos/film: Lewis W. Williams 3, Cancellare 2, Willis 6, Martin film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, authors interview of Jim Wright 7/29/92, Valenti.

Notes: "0" in left front windshield. CE 768 incorrectly leaves Congressman Albert Thomas out of this car.

Congressman's Car

CONGRESSMAN'S CAR #3

1. Driver                                                                                    
2. Congressman John Young (Corpus Christi, TX)
3. Congressman Henry B. Gonzalez*-B&W still 1
            (San Antonio, TX)
4. State Senator William Patman
5. Congressman Graham Purcell

Vehicle: Grey 1964 Lincoln sedan provided by Eagle
               Lincoln-Mercury Dallas through Dick Fisher

Aka:      Congressional Car (CE 767) Car #4 (CE 768 and Curry 1, p.16.)
              Dignitary Car 4 (Cutler)

Relevant photos/film: Willis 6, Bond 6, Martin film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, Manchester, authors correspondence with Congressman Henry B. Gonzalez, 6/8/92, Valenti.

Notes:

Congressman's Car

VIP CAR

Major General Chester V. "Ted" Clifton, US Army                  
Military Presidential Aid (senior ranking)
(SS WHCA code-Watchman)
2. Major General Godfrey "God" McHugh, US Air Force
Air Force Presidential Aid
(SS WHCA code-Wing)
3. Julian 0. Reed Gov.-Connally's Press Secretary (NPOA)

Vehicle: 1964 Ford Mercury Colony Park Station
Wagon 4-door, model 71D (9 passengers)

Vehicle provided by Eagle Lincoln-Mercury Dallas through Buck Ferrell.

Aka: White House Staff Car (CE 767) Car #5 (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: Willis 6, Bond 5, and Bond 6.

Occupant sources: Manchester, authors interview with Jim Wright 7/29/92 and Mary Ferrell 3/5/93.

Notes: Julian Reed visible getting in or out of left rear door in Willis 6 photo. Exits right rear door at Parkland (Wiegman film). According to researcher Mary Ferrell, this vehicle was originally scheduled to carry Washington Press Representatives and to be driven by TDPS officer. Remarkably, this vehicle was actually Mrs. Ferrell's own personal vehicle with only 2000 miles on it (authors interview with Mary Ferrell, 3/5/930 and Buck Ferrell 3/21/93.

VIP Car

MID MOTORCADE MOTORCYCLES

1. DPD J.W. Courson                               
(DPD Call #153)
(DPD Equipment #355)
2. DPD Clyde A. Haygood
(DPD Call #142)
(DPD Equipment #357)

Vehicles: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles provided by DPD

Aka:

Relevant photos/film: Bond 4, Wiegman film, Bothun 4, Willis 6, Cancellare 1, Bond 5, Bond, Towner 2 & 3, Cabluck 3, Cancellare 3, Atkins film.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2, 6H299-302 Haygood, author's interviews of Courson and Haygood.

Notes: Courson escorts the motorcade to Parkland (author's interview of Courson, Bowles manuscript). Haygood parks his motorcycle at North Elm curb and runs up the grassy knoll to the Overpass in to the railroad yards. Minutes later he returns to his bike, encounters James Tague and Charles Brehm, and reports to the rear of the TSBD. He is later inside the TSBD on the 6th floor (6H306).

Motorcycle Escorts

WHITE HOUSE PRESS BUS #1
 
1. Driver                                                                           
2. Harry Cabluck*-FWST B&W still
3. Richard Beebe Dudman-St. Louis Post Dispatch
4. Douglas Kiker-NY Herald Tribune
5. Robert MacNeil-NBC Bureau Chief
6. Robert Manning-WH Staff
7. Robert Charles Pierpoint-CBS TV WH Corr
8. Charles "Chuck" Roberts-Newsweek
9. Hugh Sidey-Time Magazine Washington Bureau Chief
(NPOA)

Vehicle: Continental Trailways Bus - provided by Continental Bus Co. Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: Press Bus (CE 767) Press Bus White House and Travelling Press Bus (CE 763)

Relevant photos/film: Willis 6, Bond 5, Bond 6, Towner 3, DCA film.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768, DTH 11/22/63, Roberts, MacNeil 1, MacNeil 2, author's
            Interviews of Harold Cabluck 4/17/88 and Richard Dudman 9/9/79, Time 11/28/88, p. 45.

Notes: Sign affixed to side of bus, "White House Press". McNeil and Cabluck exit Press Bus and go up knoll. MacNeil enters the TSBD and calls NBC at 12:34 PM CST. Dudman and others also exit the bus (McNeil, author's interview of Dudman and Cabluck 4/17/88).

White House Press Bus

LOCAL PRESS POOL CAR
 
1. Lewis Harris-DMN Editor                                           
2. Mike Quinn-DMN
3. Kent Biffle-DMN
4. Larry Grove-DMN (NPOA)

Vehicle: Chevrolet 4-door hardtop (?)

Aka: Local TV and Press Auto (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: Bond 6.

Occupant sources: DMN 11/23/63, 4/5/81, 11/20/83.

Notes: Biffle exits car and runs up knoll. He then enters the Depository along with a WFAA TV reporter (probably Tom Alyea). Grove also exited the car. Harris, in the DMN 11/20/83 article, insinuates that this car and the occupants unofficially joined the motorcade at Love Field, rather than having been a planned vehicle.

Local Press Pool Car

WHITE HOUSE PRESS BUS #2

1. Driver                                                                             
2. Sidney Davis-Westinghouse Broadcasting
3. Robert John Donovan-LA Times Washington Corr
4. Seth Kantor-Scripps-Howard
5. Robert Young-Chicago Tribune (NPOA)

Vehicle: Continental Trailways Bus provided by
Continental Bus Co. Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: Press Bus (CE 767)
Press Bus White House and Travelling
Press Bus (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: Bond 7, DCA, and Paschall.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768, DTH 11/22/63, 2H340-341, 20H407 Kantor, author's interview of Richard Dudman 9/9/79 and Kantor 3/5/93.

Notes: Sign affixed to side of bus, "White House Press". No reporters were allowed to exit this Bus in Dealey Plaza (Kantor).

White House Bus #2

REAR MID MOTORCADE MOTORCYCLES

1. DPD Sgt. R. Smart                                                         
(DPD Call #170)
            (DPD Equipment #)
2. DPD Robert Joseph (Bobby Joe) Dale
(DPD Call #161)
(DPD Equipment #350)

Vehicles: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles provided by DPD

Aka:

Relevant photos/film: Paschall film, Bond 7.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2

Notes: Positions varied more than other motorcycles (photo analysis). Dale escorts the motorcade to Parkland (author's interview with W.G. Lumpkin). Smart's actions are unknown.

Motorcade Escort
Motorcade Escort



























CAMERA CAR #2 NATIONAL STILL CAMERAS

1. Driver                                                                      
2. Clint Grant*-DMN B&W still
3. Frank Cancellare *-UPI B&W still
4. Capt. Cecil Stoughton *- WHCA, White House color still
5. Arthur Rickerby *-Life B&W still
6. Henry Burroughs *-AP B&W still

Vehicle: Silver 1964 Chevrolet Impala 2-door convertible
Lisc TX 4 P1 7856 - provided by Earl Hayes
Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: Press Photo Car (CE 767)
Press Pool Convertible (CE 768)
Cam 2 (Cutler)
Still Cam 1(Trask)

Relevant photos/film: Towner 2, Willis 6, Wiegman film, Nix film, Couch film, DCA film, Darnell film, Zapruder film, Hughes film, Martin film, Bell film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, C&A Article, Trask.

Notes: Cancell are jumps out of car at the head of Elm Street, runs up the knoll to photograph the Newman’s, and does not return to motorcade, possibly riding to Parkland with Couch (see below).

Camera Car # 2


CAMERA CAR #3 LOCAL CAMERAS
1. DPS Driver                                                                                  
2. James H. Underwood *-KRLD (CBS) B&W movie
3. Thomas C. Dillard *-DMN B&W still
4. James Darnell*-WBAP Ch. 8 (NBC) B&W movie
5. Malcolm 0. Couch*-WFAA Ch. 5 (ABC) B&W movie
6. Robert H. Jackson*-DTH B&W still

Vehicle: Grey 1964 Chevrolet Impala 2-door convertible
               Provided by Earl Hayes Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka:  Press Photo Car (local press) (CE 767)
Press Pool Convertible (CE 768)
Cam 3 (Cutler)
Local Cam 1 (Trask)
Local Press Car (N&A)

Relevant photos/film: Wiegman film, Couch film, DCA film, Dorman film, Hughes film, Nix film, Martin film.

Occupant sources: CE 768, 6H155-157 Couch, 6H162-167 Dillard, 6H167-168 Jackson, C&A Article, Trask.

Notes: Jackson throws exposed film to a prearranged film drop at the NE corner of Main and Houston. The film falls to the ground. This is partially visible in Hughes film and may explain why Jackson took no photos at the time of the shots.  After shots, Underwood, Dillard, and Darnell jump out of the car at the head of Elm Street. Darnell films the Newman’s (Darnell film). Couch jumps out of the car at the base of Triple Underpass while Jackson remains. Underwood and Darnell remain in Dealey Plaza, while Dillard enters car #13. Couch and some other unidentified photographer(s), (Cancellare, Darnell?) later get a ride to Parkland from a passing motorist.

Camera Car # 3

EXTRA CAR #1

1. Driver                                                                                         

Vehicle: Grey or blue Chevrolet hardtop provided by Earl Hayes
            Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: extra cars (CE 767) extra Car (CE 768 & N&A)

Relevant photos/film: Bond 8 (partial), Paschall film.

Occupant sources:

Notes: Occupied by only one person for use as extra vehicle in case of a breakdown of any other motorcade vehicle


 WESTERN UNION CAR

1. R.C. Johnson - Sales Manager, the Western
Union Telegraph Co.
2. (FNU) Yates - Sales Manager, the Western
Union Telegraph Co.

Vehicle: Black 1957 Ford hardtop provided by Western Union

Aka:

Relevant photos/film: Bond 8, Paschall film, misc. video.

Occupant sources: 21H420. Semingsen Exhibit No. 3001, Attachment 7

Notes: Occupied by two persons
            Chrome trim, fins, sign affixed to driver-side door

Extra Car # 1

WHITE HOUSE SIGNAL CORPS CAR

1. Chief Warrant Officer Arthur W. Bales, Jr.                               
US Army, US Signal Corps (SS WHCA code-Sturdy)
2. Ira Gearhart-US Army (SS WHCA code-
The Bagman/Shadow/Satchel) (NPOA)

Vehicle: White 1964 Chevrolet Impala hardtop
Sedan 4-door (white Pontiac Curry p.16)

Aka: White House Communication Car (CE768)
USA Signal Corps Car (N&A)

Relevant photos/film: Paschall film, misc. video.

Occupant sources: CE 768.

Notes: CWO Bales has portable DCN SS radio and is monitoring both "Baker" and "Charlie" frequencies.

WHCA Vehicle Placard


 EXTRA CAR #2

1. Driver                                                                                

Vehicle: White over dark blue or black 1964
Chevrolet Impala hardtop Sedan 4-door provided
 By Earl Hayes Chevrolet Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: extra cars (CE 767) extra Car (CE 768 & N&A)

Relevant photos/film: Paschall film, misc. video.

Occupant sources:

Notes: Occupied by one person, Extra of any other motorcade vehicle in case of breakdown


OFFICIAL PARTY BUS

1. Driver                                                              
2. White House Staff Members
3. Presidential Staff Members
4. Vice Presidential Staff Members
5. Governor's Staff Members
6. Airport Reception Committee
7. H. Barefoot Sanders Jr.-US Attorney
8. Jack Joseph Valenti-Aide to Vice President
9. Marie Felmer-Secretary to Vice President
10. Evelyn Maurine Lincoln-Personal Secretary
To President (SS WHCA code-Willow)
11. Rear Admiral George G. Burkley, MD, US Navy,
Presidential Physician (SS WHCA code-Market)
12. Mrs. Elizabeth "Liz" Carpenter-Executive
Assistant to Vice President
13. Pamela Tunure, Personal Secretary to
Mrs. Kennedy
14. Sgt. Paul Glynn, US Air Force-Personal Aid to
Vice President
15. Mary Gallagher (NPOA)

Vehicle: Continental Trailways Bus provided by Continental Bus Co. Dallas through Sam Bloom

Aka: Staff and Dignitary Bus (CE 767)

Relevant photos/film: Bond 9, Paschall film, misc. video.

Occupant sources: CE 767, CE 768, Manchester, Youngblood, Jovich, Valenti Author's    
            Interview with Paul Glynn 3/5/93.

Notes: Sign affixed to side of bus, "Official Party".

Official Party Buss

REAR POLICE CAR (DPD Car #260)

1. DPD J.M. Philips                                                 
(DPD Call #158)
2. DPD L.S. Davenport (?)

Vehicle: Black over white 1963 Ford hardtop
Sedan 4-door with "push-bumpers"

Aka: White APB (Accident Prevention Bureau)
Car (20H490)
Rear police vehicles (CE 767)
Police Car (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: Paschall film, Darnell film, misc. video.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2, Darnell film.
Notes: Vehicle occupied by two persons, if Davenport was in this vehicle, he was pulled from 2-wheel motorcycle duty for this assignment.


Rear Police Car

REAR POLICE MOTORCYCLE

1. DPD (unknown)                                                                

Vehicle: 3-wheel motorcycle

Aka: rear police vehicles CE 767 motorcycles (CE 768)

Relevant photos/film: Misc. video.

Occupant sources: Lawrence Exhibit 2.

Notes: 3-wheel motorcycle has no Channel 2 access.


VICE PRESIDENTIAL MOTORCADE
 FROM PARKLAND MEMORIAL HOSPITAL TO DALLAS LOVE FIELD


MOTORCYCLES                                                           
1. DPD
2. DPD
Vehicle: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: (18H784 Taylor CE 10240)

Notes:

VICE PRESIDENTIAL CAR

1. DPD Chief Jesse E. (J.E.) Curry                                     
(DPD Call #1)
2. Congressman Albert Thomas (Houston, TX)
3. Congressman Homer Thornberry (Austin, TX)
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson
(SS WHCA code-Volunteer)
5. ASAIC Rufus W. Youngblood (SSR)
(SS WHCA code-Dagger)

Vehicle: White Ford Mercury sedan Lisc. TX 4MU 8631 - provided by
             DPD

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H737 Roberts, 18H770 Youngblood, 2H152-153 Youngblood, 18H813 Rowley

Notes: Vehicle had been used as Lead Car in motorcade.


VICE PRESIDENTIAL SECRET SERVICE FOLLOW-UP CAR
                              (SS WHCA code-Varsity)

1. DPD Inspector Putnam                                                
2. SA Warren W. "Woody" Taylor
3. SA Glen A. Bennet
4. Congressman Jack Brooks (Beaumont, TX)
5. Mrs. C.A. "Lady Bird" Johnson
(SS WHCA code-Victoria)
6. SA Jerry D. Kivett
(SS WHCA code-Daylight)

Vehicle: Unmarked police sedan - provided by DPD

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H737 Roberts, 18H780 Kivett, 18H813 Rowley

Notes:


SECRET SERVICE CAR #1                                                           

I. DPD Officer driver                                                
2. DPD Officer
3. Ira Gearhart-US Army (SS WHCA code-
The Bagman/Shadow/Satchel) On DPD officer's lap
4. SA John D. Ready
5. ASAIC Emory P. Roberts
(SS WHCA code-Dusty)
6. SA William "Tim" McIntyre
7. Mrs. Elizabeth "Liz" Carpenter-Executive Assistant to Vice President

Vehicle:

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H780, 18H813 Rowley

Notes:

DALLAS POLICE CAR

1. DPD Officer driver                                                             
2. Clifton C. Carter-Political Aide to Vice President
3. Jack Valenti-Aide to Vice President
4. Capt. Cecil Stoughton*-White House color still
5. ASAIC Thomas "Lem" Johns (SSR)
(SS WHCA code-Dandy)

Vehicle: Dallas Police Car

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H775 Johns, 1SH813 Rowley

Notes: Departs Parkland 1:26 PM CST
Arrives Love Field 1:33 PM CST


 JFK HEARSE MOTORCADE
 FROM PARKLAND MEMORIAL HOSPITAL TO DALLAS LOVE FIELD


LEAD CAR


1. DPD Officer
2. SA Winston George "Win" Lawson
3.
4.

Vehicle:

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H744 Hill

Notes:

LEAD MOTORCYCLES

1. DPD Leon E. (L.E.) Grey                                                               
(DPD Call #156)
(DPD Equipment #351)
2. DPD Douglas L. (D.L.) Jackson
(DPD Call #138)
(DPD Equipment #356)

Vehicle: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: Bowles Manuscript p. 122

Notes:


O'NEAL MORTUARY COMPANY HEARSE

1. SA Andrew E. Berger                                                     
2. SA Stewart G. Stout, Jr.
3. ASAIC Roy H. Kellerman
4. SA Clinton L. Hill
(SS WHCA code-Dazzle)
5. Mrs. Jacqueline B. Kennedy
(SS WHCA code-Lace)
6. Rear Admiral George G. Burkley, MD, US Navy,
Presidential Physician (SS WHCA code-Market)
7. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy (deceased) [in casket]

Vehicle: White 1964 Cadillac Hearse

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H 756 Landis, 18H785 Stout, 18H 796 Berger, 1811814 Rowley, 18H726 & 728 Kellerman, 23197 Kellerman, 2H 143 Hill

Notes:


MID MOTORCADE MOTORCYCLES

1.                                                                                  
2.

Vehicle: Harley-Davidson two-wheel motorcycles

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources:

Notes:


SECRET SERVICE FOLLOW-UP CAR

1. SA William R. Greer 
2. SA David B. Grant
3. SA Samuel E. Sullivan
4. SA Ernest E. Olsson, Jr.
5. SA Richard E. Johnsen
6. SA Paul E. Landis
(SS WHCA code-Debut)

Vehicle: Steel grey 1964 4-door Lincoln convertible 3 Sedan
              Lisc TX ilP2 0060

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources: 18H723 Greer, 2H126 Greer, 18H744 Hill, 18H 791 Sullivan, 18H 792
Olsson, 18H 799 Johnsen, 18H757 Landis, 18H814 Rowley

Notes: Vehicle had been used as Vice President's Car in motorcade. SA Richard E. Johnsen has CE-399.


WHITE HOUSE STAFF CAR

1. Driver                                                                                                                         2. Malcolm "Mac" Kilduff-Assistant White House Press
Secretary for President (SS WHCA code-Warrior)
3. Evelyn Maurine Lincoln-Personal Secretary
To President (SS WHCA code-Willow)
4. Pamela Tunure, Personal Secretary to Mrs. Kennedy
5. Mary Gallagher (NPOA)

Vehicle:

Aka:

Relevant photos/film:

Occupant sources:

Notes: Departs Parkland Hospital 2:08 PM CST and Arrives Love Field PM CST