Sunday, June 24, 2012

President Nixon’s “Western White House” in San Clemente Ca. (1970-1972)


San Clemente, California
The Western White House at San Clemente within Orange County, California
Coordinates:                            33°26′16″N 11°37′13″W / 33.43778°N 117.62028°W / 33.43778; -117.62028  
Country                
 United States
State
 California
County
 Orange
     Elevation
 208 ft. (71 m)

June 1970 to June 1972 La Casa Pacifica San Clemente California

San Clemente is a city in Orange County, California. As of 2005, the city population was 65,900. Located six miles (10 km) south of San Juan Capistrano at the southern tip of the county, it is roughly, equidistant from San Diego and Los Angeles.

In 1969, an event occurred which accelerated the growth and reputation of San Clemente. In that year President Richard Nixon purchased a Spanish mansion in the southern part of town that Hamilton Cotton had built in 1927. This "Western White House" became the site of numerous historical meetings. 

In 1969 President Richard Nixon bought the H. H. Cotton estate, one of the original homes built by one of Hanson's partners. Nixon called it "La Casa Pacifica”, (Spanish for "The Pacific House"; translated also as "The House of Peace") is a mansion located on the beaches of San Clemente, California, overlooking the Pacific Ocean.  The home is known as President Richard Nixon's Western White House, used while working away from the official presidential residence, the White House.   During Nixon's tenure it was visited by many world leaders, including Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev, Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, Prime Minister of Japan Eisaku Sato, Vietnam president Nguyen Van Thieu (arrival) (departure) and Henry Kissinger, as well as businessman Bebe Rebozo.

President Richard and first lady Pat Nixon
                       First Lady Pat Nixon with Trisha Nixon                         
Upon purchasing the estate, Nixon soon made a number of alterations, both for personal preference and needs of the Secret Service. The tennis court was replaced with a swimming pool and much of the estate was wrapped by a 1500-foot C-shaped wall.

The property fronts on the Pacific Ocean to the west and includes approximately eight acres of beach. A railroad line owned by the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad runs along the western edge of the compound.  Joining the southern boundary of the estate is occupied by the navigational facilities of a U. S. Coast Guard Station and is the site of the "Western White House" administration buildings containing offices for the President and his staff, White House dining hall and Press offices a Secret Service command post, and White House Communications Agency (WHCA) facilities at the Western White House.


Entrance to La Casa Pacifica from the Compound
Courtyard at the Western White House
Following the President's resignation, Richard and Pat Nixon retired to San Clemente, where the President wrote his memoirs. The home is currently a private residence and closed to the public; however, its legacy as a presidential retreat is still used as a calling card for the city of San Clemente. The road adjacent to Interstate 5 in the area is called Avenida Del Presidente (Avenue of the President).

An exterior view of the San Clemente main residence
Security post on the beach at San Clemente
An Annotated view of the Western White House Compound at San Clemente (1970)
The White House Communications Agency was tasked with providing and installing the Communications at this facility. Most of the major work at San Clemente was carried out under severe time pressure during July 1969 in order to ready the estate for a month-long Presidential visit that began in early August. Working closely with PacTel, installation began on a three position switchboard, a Comm. Center able to deliver secure voice and secure TTY, also establish an FM radio network with a radio control console to capable of supporting the White House Staff and the Secret Service while the President visited southern California.    
     /                           .          
After completing radio surveys of the surrounding areas and knowing the specific locations that the staff and other support personnel would be staying the radio network was designed.  Three primary sites were selected, first was a high point in San Clemente, then Santiago Peak (Elevation 5,689 ft.) a mountain located in Orange County with coverage from Los Angles to Oceanside CA including all of the arrivals and departures of Air Force One at El Toro MCAS, and finally Catalina Island to cover the all of coast highway and beach areas where the staff would stay.  FM base stations were installed with the frequencies commonly used on all trips. “Baker” for the Secret Service Field Office, ”Charlie” for the motorcade and Secret Service CP, “Sierra for the Staff”; finally, “Yankee/Zulu” for Air Force One.

FM Radio System


FM Radio locations covering the Western White House
These three primary sites were selected:
                                                                                
1.   Santiago Peak (Elevation 5,689 ft.) a mountain located in Orange County with coverage from Los Angles to Oceanside CA including all of the arrivals and departures of Air Force One at El Toro MCAS
 Santiago Peak in Orange County    
2.  A high-point in San Clemente to cover the Western White House Compound and all local activities
     that would take place in and around San Clemente.
 San Clemente Radio Site

3. Blackjack Mt on Santa Catalina Island to cover the all of coast highway and beach areas where the staff and the Press would stay. Newport Beach to Laguna Beach along Highway 101.
Santa Catalina Island Radio Site on Blackjack Mt


The San Clemente Communications Contingency Team (CCT) (1970-1972)
The San Clemente Communications Contingency Team (CCT)
AF-1 at EL Toro MCAS

Type Of Activity
 Establish  CCT and provide support
Location
Location
 El Toro MCAS  El Toro Ca
Date of Activity
 June 27 1970 to June 1 1972
Coordinates
 33°40′34″N 117°43′52″W

15 June 1970 to Establish the San Clemente Communications Contingency Team (CCT)

I was assigned to The Western White House in San Clemente CA in June of 1970.  During the next two years I would support many visits to San Clemente at the Western White House and the west coast including President Nixon’s historic trip to China in 1972. The team also supported the Vice President on several trips to Palm Springs and other locations west of the Mississippi River.

The San Clemente Communications Contingency Team (CCT) was established in 1970 and became an integral part of the communications support provided to the Western White House. The CCT was a highly mobile group that could be deployed very quickly.  All of our equipment was positioned at El Toro Marine Air Station and was palletized so it could be quickly loaded onto an aircraft for a speedy departure. Several trips were very short notice and needed a very quick response.

The CCT’s repair facility was located in an aircraft hangar on the flight line and within 50 yds. away from where Air Force would be parked while the President was visiting San Clemente. The CCT worked all of the Presidents arrivals and departures at El Toro.
                        
The Operations center at El Toro AF-1 would always be Placed in this area while in Ca.
The CCT’s Repair facility                       
The team consisted of an NCOIC, two switchboard operators, two comm. center techs and two radio techs’. All of us were assigned to the CCT after the Microwave Network was discontinued and the towers were closed and decommissioned. Five team members would come From Crystal one from Cadre and of course I came from Cannonball. My Primary responsibility was cross training the team so any member could help set up any of the equipment that deployed by the CCT. Each team member knew how to operate all of the equipment that we would set up on any deployment.

The word transportable took on a new meaning in WHCA, in the 60's and 70's it meant anything that you could attach handles. The communications equipment that the CCT maintained and installed on stateside trips included Baker, Charlie and Sierra FM radio base stations; we also carried a complete Comm. Center equipped with encrypted TTY systems, multiple teletype printers, and several fax machines.

The "Lilla" board was developed in the late 60's by Mario Lilla a civilian engineer who worked with WHCA.  This was a single position cord board that became part of the trip package especially the CCT' because of its compact size and it only took two people to transport it. It was also classified as "Quick Connect" because it had punch down blocks and Amphenol cables. The mini board replaced the AT&T POTUS boards on all trips as part of our standard package. 

We also carried audio visual equipment including recording, lighting and a PA system and a complete Presidential Podium for indoor or outdoor speech sites.

On overseas trips two 1 Kw HF SSB (AN/TRC-23) systems with phone patch capability was also included which allowed us to communicate with Air force One as well as voice and teletype traffic back to the White House. 

Support to Air Force One, Army One and Marine One at El Toro

During one visit in 1970 I was asked to look at a pager that Col Albertazzie, the pilot of AF1, had been using.  I met with the AF1 radio operator, Bill Justus to pick up the unit and take a look at it. I worked with Justus several times after that.  I worked all of the arrivals and departures at El Toro while I was assigned to San Clemente.  There was a four pronged plug in the nose of AF1, two lines for passenger use and parallel connections for the ramp phone. 

I would meet AF1 and plug the ramp phone (bat phone) into the nose of aircraft when it arrived, and remove the phones upon departure. It was tough duty but someone had to do it. There was also a four pronged plug on Army One by the front entrance, two switchboard extensions were always installed, at least when they arrived at El Toro.

AF-1 Cockpit (26000) in 1970                 .
Air Force One Sam (26000) aka “The Spirit of 1976” was retired while President Nixon still was in office and replaced by Sam (27000).   Air Force One (SAM 27000)  was retired after it transported the Nixon’s back to San Clemente and is now on display at the Reagan Presidential Library!
 Communications Console on AF1 (2600)
The Army's Executive Flight Detachment, Army One was identical to the Marines and Marine One.  Army One was a white top that would rotate with Marine One in supporting the President, they were stationed at Ft. Belvoir Va.  While I was in charge of the San Clemente CCT, our repair shop shared a hanger with the Marine One and Army One crews, while they were at El Toro on Nixon's visits to The Western White House.  The only reason that I knew that Army One existed was because I worked with them and even shared facilities at San Clemente and Key Biscayne.

Given to the CCT from the Crew of Army One
I did get to know a few of the people assigned to Army One, I would work more closely with the Army, mainly because the Marines were more aloof and El Toro was a Marine base. I always interfaced with MSG Julian Hill who was the NCOIC of the detachment. I also knew CWO Ron Bean who was in the pilot seat on that unforgettable night in the Bahamas when Army One crashed in the water while trying to land with Secret Service Agents aboard. The 1972 crash in the Bahamas was the last time I saw anyone from the Executive Flight Detachment.

President Nixon’s final flight on Army One (1974)
Ironically Army one would become closely tied to President Nixon. LTC Gene Boyer and Army One would transport President and Mrs. Nixon on their final trip to Andrews AFB to board AF1 to return to San Clemente when the President resigned from office in 1974.  Nixon’s Final Trip on AF1 occurred on August 9 1974 when the President and First Lady returned to San Clemente.

The Army's Executive Flight Detachment was officially deactivated in 1976 thus leaving the Marines as the only helicopter flight service for Presidential use.  Army One has been restored and is now on display at the Nixon Library in Yorba Linda CA

Living On a restricted Marine Air Station

Blending in on a Marine base and working and living at the El Toro Marine Air Station, was not as easy as it might sound. We never wore uniforms so no one knew what rank we were. I had to argue with the barber not to cut off my sideburns whenever I would get a haircut. You know the barber only had one attachment for their clippers that they used on all Marines.

The lighter than air facility (LTA) in Tustin Ca
Home on Tustin LTA (Blimp Hangar in background)
The Marine base also had everything segregated by rank you had sections for enlisted, NCO, Senior NCO, and Officer in the Movies, Clubs and Housing. We lived in Senior NCO Quarters at the Tustin, Lighter than Air (LTA) Station; this is where they serviced any remaining blimps. Goodyear used this facility regularly. There were many times that we had access to officer facilities by showing only our WHCA ID's. We would wear suits when working trips, but wore casual when back at our home base.

Joanne and Patty (1971)
Our youngest daughter, Patty, ironically was born at 2am on Feb. 8, 1971 and at 6am a major earthquake rocked Los Angeles!  I had returned home from the hospital around 3:30am and  laid down on the couch to get a little sleep before the kids got up that morning,  I was awaken at 6am by the rattling of all of the dishes and pots and pans in the kitchen, the whole house was shaking. Don, Bob and Kathie came running out of their bedrooms startled and scared but by the time we realized it was an earthquake it was over! Once I got the kids settled down, I called the hospital to see if Joanne and Patty were OK. Joanne was in bed when the quake hit and said that all she could do was to lay there while the bed moved, the blinds shook and the toilet flushed, but they were both fine..  Although it only lasted about 60 sec. there was major damage throughout Los Angeles but we were all safe. We were living on the LTA facility at Tustin, I was very surprised that we had no damage and the blimp Hangars that were directly behind us were intact without any visible damage.

The Cross Kids (1972)
The Tustin LTA has been closed and decommissioned and all of the Quarters that we once lived in have been bulldozed. The Blimp hangars are still standing but are in a state of disrepair. The Goodyear blimp is no longer serviced at the LTA facility.

The San Clemente Communications Detachment Annual picnic
Over the years the CCT was deployed to many locations worldwide. It not only supported the President, First Family, White House Sr. Staff including the Press corps and the Secret Service Protection Details on the extended visits to the Western White House, but the CCT also handled many side trips to Los Angles, San Francisco, Santa Rosa, San Diego, Loma Linda CA., as well as Hilo Hawaii, Agana Guam and several trips to Palm Springs.

The CCT also provided the Vice President communications support on west coast trips. In a two year period the VP traveled to Phoenix twice, Tucson, New Orleans twice, Los Angles, Newport Beach, San Diego, and Palm Springs four times to play golf. The VP stayed with either Bob Hope or Frank Sinatra houses while golfing. Vice President Agnew participated in the Bob Hope desert Classic in 1971.

In June of 1972, I would be transferred to the Key Biscayne Communications detachment in charge of the Detachments permanent communications systems. Joanne and the kids packed up and we were off to Florida.

The San Clemente Communications Detachment was scaled back when President Nixon resigned from office in 1974; however a small group remained to support the Secret Service until the Nixon’s moved to New Jersey in 1980.  The CCT was eventually moved back to the east coast to be redeployed at Ft. Richie MD.

The President's News Conference at the Century Plaza Hotel (1970)

 President's News Conference at the Century Plaza Hotel
Type of Activity
  Live Press Conference
Location
Location
 Century Plaza Hotel Los Angeles, California
Date of Activity
 July 30 1970
Coordinates
 34.05556°N 118.41694°W

July 30 1970 to a Press Conference in Los Angles with President Nixon

President Nixon was scheduled to hold his 11th Press Conference from Los Angles on live TV to a national audience. The speech was to be broadcast live from the Century Plaza Hotel at 8:00 pm on July 30 1970.

The president was on one of his working vacations at the Western White House, so the San Clemente CCT was sent to Los Angles to set up communications. We only had to set up the switchboard, comm-center, and USSS CP with the FM radio base stations on the roof of the hotel, because all scheduled activities were within the hotel. The speech site was to be held in the Santa Monica Room inside the hotel and was being set up by WHCA recording people from DC sent to support the president while he was in San Clemente.
                                        
The Main Entrance of the Century Plaza Hotel
The President arrived and stepped up to the Podium to begin his speech, all the viewers on TV saw was the Presidents lips move , no audio.  I was standing next to Gen. Redmond the CO of WHCA, and noticed that the color of his face turned white!  

Richard Nixon's Press Conference Remarks
It seemed like it was forever but someone swung a hand mike in the Presidents direction and the President announced. “Ladies and gentlemen, we are having trouble with the audio in the room. I hope that all of you, when you ask your questions, will ask them quite loudly. I understand, however, that our television audience has no problem because a shotgun mike will pick them up. For the benefit of your colleagues, ask your questions a little more loudly.  This press conference is one that is being held for the first time, while I have been President, outside of Washington. We want to welcome all of the members of the California press who are here. We will follow the usual format of the White House press conference, with the first two questions going to the wire services, and then we will try to cover as many others as we can”.

The President at the conclusion of his Press Conference
After about five minutes into the speech the recording guys found a blown fuse in the Hotel’s PA system and restored audio for the network audio feeds.  I don’t remember who the WHCA Trip Officer was, but we were never supposed to use third party equipment when setting up speech sites.  I have had radio failures occur, but that night I was relieved to be the provider of radio communications.

As soon as the Press Conference concluded the President t motored from the Century Plaza Hotel to the Century Plaza Hotel parking lot helipad. The Presidential party flew by helicopter from the Century Plaza helipad,  to the San Clemente helipad. We started to tear down everything pack it up and return to our El Toro shop that evening.


HF Radio Control Console (1971)

09 Aug/27 Aug 70 to Thurmont MD to build CCT’s HF Control Console

Shortly after I transferred to San Clemente I returned to Camp David for two weeks to build a Control Console for the HF package used by the CCT. This Console would provide an operator position for the two URT -23. The operator would also be able to provide phone patch capability on the Upper side band (USB) on both systems. I returned to San Clemente with a functional Control Console completing our HF package.

Typical HF installation on overseas trips (URT 23)

While I was in Thurmont I stayed with a friend of mine who worked at Camp David. I had worked with Denny Mc Cleod for several years while I was assigned to Cannonball, but now Denny was on the Camp David CCT and he was building the control console that would be in Camp David’s CCT package.
The President Attends a Republican Political Rally in Anaheim Ca (1970)

Political Rally Supporting the Re-Election of Gov. Ronald Reagan
Anaheim Convention Center
Type of Activity
 Campaign Speech and Political Rally
Location
Location
 Anaheim Convention Center Anaheim Ca
Date of Activity
 October 30 1970
Coordinates
 33.802455°N 117.919843°W

October 30 1970 to a Political Rally in Anaheim CA with President Nixon

The purpose of President Nixon’s visit to California in October was to Campaign for all of the Republican candidates running for public office. California Governor Ronald Reagan and Senator George Murphy were also running for re-election in 1970. The President had attended a rally in San Jose just prior to coming to San Clemente.

President Nixon at a political rally for Gov. Ronald Reagan and Senator George Murphy 
Once again the CCT had a very short time frame to get set up for the rally.  Because San Clemente was so close to the Anaheim Convention Center, we were able to utilize many of the facilities at the Western White House.  We installed the Mini board, Comm-center and Radios at the Convention Center. Pacific Bell came through and installed the phones and circuits just before the President arrived. Everything was tested and ready to go.

The President and Mrs. Nixon departed from San Clemente in Army One accompanying them was, Governor Ronald Reagan and Senator George Murphy.

Note: The President spoke at 7:37 p.m. in the Anaheim Convention Center. His remarks were videotaped for broadcast at 8:30 p.m. on the CBS television network on time purchased by the Republican National Committee.

Citation: Richard Nixon: "Remarks in Anaheim, California." October 30, 1970. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. 
 President Nixon at the Anaheim Convention Center
The President opened by giving an endorsement to Governor Reagan and Senator Murphy.

“I cannot tell you what a proud moment it is for me to be addressing the Nation, for the first time in this campaign, from my native State of California. And I join with all of you in this great hall, and those of you in California, in giving my enthusiastic endorsement to the entire State ticket, and particularly to the leader of that ticket, a man who is the first man of the first State---Ronald Reagan.”

“And I also give my enthusiastic endorsement to all of those on the national ticket, the candidates for the House of Representatives, and to our candidate for the United States Senate for reelection-George Murphy”.

When the rally concluded the Presidential Party departed by Army One and returned to San Clemente.

Unlike the problems we had a couple months earlier with the PA system at the Century Plaza Press Conference, this event went off without any problems.
It was now time to collect and  tear down everything and return the equipment to our repair shop at El Toro.


Vice President Agnew’s Trip to Newport Beach Ca (1970)

The Vice President at a Republican Fund Raiser

Vice President Agnew
Type Of Activity
Speech and Fund Raiser
Location
Location
Newport Beach CA
Date of Activity
 01 Nov 1970 
Coordinates
33°40′34″N 117°43′52″W

31 Oct 70 to Newport Beach CA-Political Speech and Fund Raiser

During the President’s visit to the Western White House in San Clemente we were on many occasions sent on side trips to support the Vice President who was also visiting southern California. The President had just returned from the Republican Rally at the Anaheim Convention Center where we were in the process of tearing down and packing our equipment, when we found out that we were to move and setup at the Newporter Inn in Newport Beach to support Vice President Agnew. The Vice President was to arrive on Nov 1, 1970 spend the night and depart back to Washington DC.

The Newporter Inn in Newport Beach CA
We had only one day to set up our radios, order and install the phones in the Vice Presidents suite and the USSS CP. We also had to set up a single circuit for Secure TTY Communications back to the Western White House Commcenter. Because the President was also visiting the local TELCO was available to work all of orders and completed them a few hours before the arrival the next day.

The Vice President arrived at the Orange County Airport (renamed John Wayne Airport) and motored to the Newporter Inn. The Vice President was scheduled to speak at a fund raiser that evening follower by a reception at the hotels pool.

Poolside Reception


On December 2nd the Vice President departed the Hotel and motored to Orange County Airport to return to Washington DC. Once the Vice President departed we packed up our equipment and returned to El Toro as the President was still in CA and it was Election Day and we had a lot of activity remaining before the President departs on December 4th to return to Washington DC.
With the President and Vice President both leaving Southern California as well as the White House Staff, mid term elections were complete and things were about to return to normal, at least for a few days.

The Vice President and Mrs. Agnew Vacation in Palm Springs (1970)

VP Agnew vacations in Palm Springs Ca.

Welcome to Palm Springs

Type Of Activity
 Communications Support Trips
Location
Location
 Palm Springs California
Date of Activity
 Nov. 19 1970 to Dec.  27 1971
Coordinates
 33°49′26″N 116°31′49″W

19 Nov 70 to Palm Springs CA with Vice President and Mrs. Agnew

The CCT was designed to be a quick response highly mobile unit.  We were deployed on several occasions to Palm Springs CA with the President and also provided the Vice President communications support on west coast trips and he would come to Palm Springs several times to play golf.  The Vice Presidents visits were usually pretty simple to set up and once finished required little activity because nothing was scheduled other than short motorcades to and from the golf course.

Our First visit as a team wasn’t until November of 1970. Vice President and Mrs. Agnew were scheduled to visit for several days and play some golf.  This trip was turned into a full scale deployment of the CCT including all of our equipment as if we were going on an overseas trip. The goal was to set up all of our communications equipment as quickly as possible and establish HF contact with Cactus and establish a phone patch with DCSU Headquarters at Camp David.

 Our Motel in Palm Springs 
As soon as we arrived and checked into our motel, we started to deliver equipment. Our first stop was the GTE Central Office where we would install the Switchboard and Comm-center equipment. This would become the base for telephone, radio, radio paging and data communications.
                                                       /          
 Edom Hill Radio Site                    
Our second stop would be a visit to Edom Hill where we had permanently installed Baker, Charlie and Sierra radio base stations. The San Clemente Detachment had placed these base stations here on President Nixon’s first trip to Palm Springs knowing that there would be many trips, and the only work necessary would be to power them up and test them.  The remote keying lines were ordered to terminate back at the GTE central Office.  We would return to final test everything once we were told that all of the keying lines were installed.

Our final stop that night was back at our motel to start the installation of the HF equipment in a room in the Motel. Early the next morning we would install the antenna on the roof of the Motel and started to power up the two AN/URT-23 SSB radios. I would spend the rest of the day establishing contact with Camp David, Collins Radio, Silver Dollar (Airborne Command Post) and other locations within the Andrews Airways HF system.  Successful phone patches were completed with various individuals and our activity was terminated.

The Hearst Residence Front Entrance   
The next day we visited the Hearst residence where The Vice President and Mrs. Agnew would stay on this visit.  We surveyed the residence and started to set up the USSS Command Post (CP). We completed a radio survey and headed to the Palm Springs International Airport where the VP’s arrival and subsequent departure would take place.

 Palm Springs International Airport
Vice President Agnew and Frank Sinatra Golfing in Palm Springs
Fore!!!!!
The Agnew’s spent several days in Palm Springs golfing with comedian Bob Hope and Frank Sinatra before they returned to Washington D.C. of course when they left we de-installed all of our equipment and returned to El Toro. We spent a total of 10 days in Palm Springs on this the team’s first trip.

The NBA All Star Game in San Diego (1971)

1971 NBA All Star Game
San Diego Sports Arena Site of the 1971 NBA All-Star Game
Type Of Activity
 NBA All- Star Game
Location
Location
 San Diego California
Date of Activity
 Jan 12 1971
Coordinates
 32°45′19″N 117°12′44″W 

12 January 1971 to San Diego Ca Perks for the Staff

Being assigned to the Western White House did have many perks for all of us that were on the staff.  The White House Press Corp did obtain some passes to sporting events in San Diego. I was able to take Don and Bob with me to a San Diego Chargers football game, but in Jan. the 1971 NBA All-star game was held at the San Diego Sports Arena. We found out that some of us had Press Passes and our seats were on the floor under one of the baskets! Any thoughts of basketball as being a non-contact sport soon was replaced after I saw the activity that took place under the basket, pushing, shoving , elbows and most of all when Billy Cunningham drove to the basket he met with Wilt Chamberlain’s finger in his left eye. It was a great game and with only 48 seconds left to play, Milwaukee's Lew Alcindor (later known as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar) scored on a 5-foot jumper and converted a free throw to give the West a 108-107 victory over the East. MVP honors, however, went to Seattle Supersonics’ player-coach Lenny Wilkens, the leading scorer with 21 points!

Entrance to the San Diego Sports Arena
It was great to watch so many future Hall of Fame players’ play in this game!

1971 All-Star Game Box score
West 108, East 107
GAME 21: at San Diego, Jan. 12, 1971
MVP: Lenny Wilkens

EAST ALL-STARS (107)
Player, Team
Min.
FGM
FGA
FTM
FTA
Reb.
Ast.
Pts.
Billy Cunningham, Philadelphia
19
2
8
1
2
4
3
5
John Havlicek, Boston
24
6
12
0
2
3
2
12
Willis Reed, New York
27
5
16
4
6
13
1
14
Earl Monroe, Baltimore
18
3
9
0
0
5
2
6
Walt Frazier, New York
26
3
9
0
0
6
5
6
Johnny Green, Cincinnati
7
2
3
0
1
2
0
4
Dave DeBusschere, New York
19
4
7
0
0
7
3
8
Lou Hudson, Atlanta
17
6
13
2
3
3
1
14
Gus Johnson, Baltimore
23
5
12
2
2
4
2
12
John Johnson, Cleveland
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
Bob Kauffman, Buffalo
4
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
Wes Unseld, Baltimore
21
4
9
0
0
10
2
8
Tom Van Arsdale, Cincinnati
11
4
8
0
2
2
1
8
Jo Jo White, Boston
22
5
10
0
0
9
2
10
Totals
240
49
118
9
18
68
25
107

WEST ALL-STARS (108)
Player, Team
Min.
FGM
FGA
FTM
FTA
Reb.
Ast.
Pts.
Connie Hawkins, Phoenix
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Jerry Lucas, San Francisco
29
5
9
2
2
9
4
12
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Milwaukee
30
8
16
3
4
14
1
19
Dave Bing, Detroit
19
2
7
0
0
2
2
4
Jerry West, Los Angeles
20
2
4
1
3
1
9
5
Elvin Hayes, San Diego
19
4
13
2
3
4
2
10
Bob Love, Chicago
21
6
12
4
5
4
0
16
Wilt Chamberlain, Los Angeles
18
1
1
0
0
8
5
2
Jeff Mullins, San Francisco
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Geoff Petrie, Portland
5
0
3
0
0
0
1
0
Oscar Robertson, Milwaukee
24
2
6
1
3
2
2
5
Dick Van Arsdale, Phoenix
12
2
4
0
1
5
3
4
Chet Walker, Chicago
19
3
9
4
5
3
1
10
Lenny Wilkens, Seattle
20
8
11
5
5
1
1
21
Totals
240
43
95
22
31
53
31
108

Score by Periods:
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
Totals
East
26
34
23
24
107
West
30
32
20
26
108

Coaches: East: Red Holzman, West: Larry Costello.
Referees: Mendy Rudolph and Ed Rush.
Attendance: 14,378.


The Vice President at the 1971 Bob Hope Desert Classic (1971)

1971 Bob Hope Desert Classic

12th BOB HOPE DESERT CLASSIC at Bermuda Dunes Country Club

Type Of Activity
Golf Tournament
Location
Location
Palm Springs California
Date of Activity
 10 Feb 1971 to 14 Feb 1971
Coordinates
 33°49′26″N 116°31′49″

08 February 1971 to Palm Springs with Vice President Agnew
                  
Three members of the San Clemente CCT were sent to Palm Springs set up communications at the residence of Frank Sinatra, where the Vice President would be staying while he was in Palm Springs.
                
 Frank Sinatra’s estate in Palm Springs 
We also conducted a radio survey of the Palm Springs International Airport where the VP would arrive and depart on Air Force Two, and finally checked out coverage at the Bermuda Dunes Golf Course

The Palm Springs International Airport
The 12th Annual Bob Hope Desert Classic was held  at the Bermuda Dunes Country Club ran from 10 February to 14 February 1971 with Arnold Palmer winning the tournament.

The Vice President golfing in the 1971 Bob Hope Desert Classic with Bob Hope
A great souvenir from the 1971 Desert Classic         
When the tournament was over the Vice President returned to Frank Sinatra's residence and the next day returned to Washington DC. We did what we always did removed the Communications equipment and returned to El Toro and wait for our next assigned trip.

The President’s Award Presentation to Samuel Goldwyn (1971)

Award Presentation to Samuel Goldwyn

Samuel Goldwyn's Estate in Beverly Hills
Type Of Activity
 Award Presentation
Location
Location
 Beverly Hills California
Date of Activity
 27 Mar 1971
Coordinates
 34°4′23″N 118°23′58″W 

26 March 1971 to Beverly Hills Ca with President Nixon

While the President and Mrs. Nixon were visiting San Clemente two of us from the CCT was sent to Los Angeles To prepare for another short side trip. The President was planning a short visit to the residence of Samuel Goldwyn. Since this was a very short visit the only requirement for us was to set up a radio base at the Century Plaza Hotel consisting of Baker, Charlie and Sierra frequencies with phone patch capabilities back to the Western White House.  
   
President Nixon’s remarks as he Presents the Medal of freedom to filmmaker Samuel Goldwyn
March 27, 1 971 Presidents Itinerary to the Samuel Goldwyn house In Beverly Hills Ca.
(10:07 to 10:41 AM) The President flew by helicopter from the Western White House to the Los Angeles helipad.
(10:43 to 10:45 AM) The President motored from The Los Angeles helipad to the Residence of Chairman of the Board, Goldwyn Production Inc., Samuel Goldwyn. The President was met by: Mrs. Samuel Goldwyn and Taft Schreiber, Vice President, Music Corp. of America. The President then presented Samuel Goldwyn with the Medal of Freedom.

(11:20 to 11:32AM) The President motored from the Residence of Samuel Goldwyn to the Los Angeles helipad.

(11:41 to 2:00 PM) The President motored from the Los Angeles helipad to the Western White House.

After working all night to get the radios installed and installing circuits after about four hours we were removing the Radio base stations and returning to San Clemente.

Vice President Agnew Visits San Diego CA (1971)

The Vice President at a Republican Fund Raiser
Site of Vice President Agnew's Arrival

Type Of Activity
Speech and Fund Raiser
Location
Location
San Diego CA
Date of Activity
 01 Nov 1970 
Coordinates

05 Apr 71 to San Diego CA-Political Speech

The CCT was in the middle of another one of the Presidents working vacation at the Western White House. The day after the Presidents arrival I was sent to Los Angles to support the President with the presentation at the Samuel Goldwyn estate in Beverly Hills CA which lasted for only a couple of Hours.

Several days after my return I found out that the Vice President was planning a visit to San Diego International Airport. During his overnight stay he would speak at a Republican Fund Raiser and hold a Press Conference at the Airport.

Vice President Agnew talks to reporters
We set up our radios in the CP and at the Airport where we also had a number of Press Phones installed. I came down from San Clemente to work the Vice Presidents departure.  The Vice President arrived and addressed the Press, as he was leaving they surrounded him asking questions while the Vice President tried to board AF2.

When I returned home later that evening I found out that I was on the news just standing in the background while the Vice President talked to reporters. My moment of of fame lasted just 10 seconds and I never saw the clip.

Although the Vice President had departed southern California we still had the President in San Clemente for a few more days before everyone returned to Washington DC.

President Nixon Presents Presidential Unit Citation to the 1st Marine Division (1971)
                
President Nixon Presents Presidential Unit Citation to the 1st Marine Division
    MCB Camp Pendleton Insignia
             1st Marine Division Insignia       


Type of Activity
 Award ceremony
Location
Location
 Camp Pendleton San Diego County
Date of Activity
 April 30 1971
Coordinates
 +33°20′N 117°25′W       
     
April 30 1971 to Camp Pendleton with President Nixon

In April of 1971 the First Marine Division returned from Vietnam and was to be greeted by President Nixon.  The event was scheduled to take place at Camp Pendleton, since the site was only 10 min from the Western White House the CCT was told to break out the recording equipment to rehearse the welcome home ceremonies.  So here we were all radio and switchboard guys setting up on the Parade Field (which nobody was allowed to set foot on when they were not in a parade).  Anyway Gen Redmond, Major Freed, and I don't remember all of the WHCA officers were out there, but we set up the PA and microphones where we thought they needed to be as the Troop Commander shouted commands. The problem was that when he was in front of the division no one could hear him and we couldn't put a mike stand there!  Gen Redmond came over to me and asked if we could run a mike cable out on the parade field and lay the microphone on the ground.  It took two min. and that solved the problem.  After rehearsal we took all took shovels and buried the cable thus inventing the “turf” microphone, the Marines couldn't believe that we were digging up their parade field and not going to the brig for doing it. I returned to Camp Pendleton the day before the event was to take place to meet with the WHCA recording guys to help them set up the site and to point out where the Troop Commander would be positioned.  All went well at the speech the next day at the official Welcome Back ceremonies. 

The President being escorted to receive salute
 President Nixon receives 21 gun salute at Camp Pendleton               
A striking scene on the Parade Ground at Camp Pendleton on 30 April 1971, as RN reviews the 1st Marine Division before awarding it the Presidential Unit Citation.  On POTUS’s left is the Corps Commandant, General Leonard F. Chapman.  What appears to be dust is, in fact, smoke from the artillery weapons that had just fired a 21 gun salute.  There was a large crowd of wives and dependents, as well as invited dignitaries, on bleachers behind the photographer and on the other side of the troop formation.  Thanks to Jack Brennan for sending his personal copy of this hitherto unpublished photo.

President Nixon went to Camp Pendleton, California, to award the Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) For Extraordinary Heroism to the First Marine Division.

The First Marine Division was activated aboard the battleship Texas at the beginning of 1941.  It is the oldest, largest, and most decorated division in the United States Marine Corps, having received nine Presidential Unit Citations.

The President spoke on the Parade Ground just after noon.  Also on the stand with him were USMC Commandant General Leonard F. Chapman, and Navy Under-Secretary —and later Senator— John Warner.

President Nixon and Commandant Chapman review the Troops 
The President’s Speech began by welcoming the Division home:

President Nixon Addressing the 1st Marine Division
This is one of the proudest moments of my service as President of the United States–to be here for this ceremony; to award this Unit Citation, the eighth Unit Citation this division has received in its long and proud history, to the First Marine Division; and to welcome home the major elements of that division from Vietnam.

As I welcome you home, I can say to you that the Nation is proud of you. I can say to you, you come home mission accomplished.

He continued, providing a context for their service in Vietnam:

When you went to Vietnam 5 years ago, you found a country there with millions of South Vietnamese under Communist rule, and the whole country threatened by a Communist takeover

As you return, you left a South Vietnam with the South Vietnamese now assuming the major burden of their own defense, and soon developing the capability for their complete defense without the assistance of American fighting men.

Because of your service and the service of other Americans, we can now say that Americans can continue to be withdrawn at approximately or almost at a division a month. And because of your service and the service of other Americans, we can set as our goal–and achieve the goal–of a total withdrawal of all Americans; that goal to be achieved when the South Vietnamese have developed, as they will develop, the capability of defending themselves, and when we have returned all of our prisoners of war wherever they may be in Southeast Asia.

And now to the many of these marines who are young marines, and most of you are young marines, may I refer a bit to the history of this division going clear back to World War I, when the Fifth Regiment, which later became part of the First Marine Division, served them. It is a proud and distinguished history. The names are proud in the history of the Marine Corps and they are very proud in the history of this Nation: Belleau Wood, in World War I; Guadalcanal in World War II; Inchon, in Korea; and now Vietnam.

The question that I am sure must be in your minds is: What will the verdict of history be about your service in Vietnam? Certainly in terms of personal heroism there is no question about the verdict of history. Forty-eight members of the First Marine Division were awarded the Medal of Honor. It is the most decorated Marine division of all. This is the second Unit Citation in this war.
And there are other heroes in this division–heroes who received no medals; heroes who had a kind of heroism that was not required of your grandfathers who served in World War I or your fathers who may have served in World War II–a kind of service that was special to Vietnam: building a nation, building schools and hospitals and clinics, and helping people, and contributing thousands of dollars of your own funds for helping the people of Vietnam gain what you wanted them to gain–the right to build a nation free from outside control.

So there is no question about the verdict of history so far as your heroism is concerned.

He ended on a proudly personal note: As I stand here today I look back again over the history of this country. The marines and other Americans who fought in World War I thought they were fighting in a war to end wars, and then their sons fought in World War II.

The marines and other Americans who fought in World War II, after it ended and the United Nations was formed, thought that now at long last we can have an era of peace. And then their younger brothers fought in Korea, and their sons fought in Vietnam.

Now the question is: What happens after Vietnam? How do we end the war? What kind of a peace do we want? And we do want peace.

As I think of peace and as you think of peace, I think of the hundreds of schoolchildren who are here today. I think that the kind of peace we want–and this is our goal is just not peace in our time but peace in their time.

By your service you have done your part in trying to achieve that kind of peace, and I pledge to you that in the conduct of our foreign affairs we shall bring this war to an end in a way worthy of your service and the service of other Americans-to achieve a just and a lasting peace; to achieve what Americans have never had in this century: a full generation of peace.

So proudly today, as Commander in Chief, as one who was proud to serve with you and your predecessors in World War II, I say, America welcomes you home with pride, and we will not fail you in winning the peace.

Presentation of the Presidential Unit Citation to the 1st Marine Division
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States and as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, I have today awarded the 1st Marine Division
                       
THE PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION FOR EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM TO FIRST MARINE DIVISION (REINFORCED) FLEET MARINE FORCE

For extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance of duty in action against enemy forces in the Republic of Vietnam from 16 September 1967 to 31 October 1968. Operating primarily in Quang Nam Province, the First Marine Division (Reinforced) superbly executed its threefold mission of searching for and destroying the enemy, defending key airfields and lines of communication, and conducting a pacification and revolutionary development program unparalleled in the annals of warfare. With the Division responsible for over 1,000 square miles of territory, it extended protection and pacification to more than one million Vietnamese. The countless examples of courage, resourcefulness, and dedication demonstrated by the officers and men of the First Marine Division attest to their professionalism and esprit de corps. Their combat activities were skillfully carried out in the face of adverse weather and difficult terrain such as canopied jungles, rugged mountains, swampy lowlands, and hot, sandy beaches. During the enemy Tet-offensive in late January of 1968, the First Marine Division dealt a devastating blow to enemy forces attempting to attack Danang. Again, in May 1968, the Division totally crushed an enemy drive directed against the Danang area through the Go Noi Island region southwest of Danang. The Division achieved this resounding victory through the skillful coordination of ground forces, supporting arms, and aircraft support. Most action in the I Corps Tactical Zone during August of 1968 was centered in the First Marine Divisions tactical area of responsibility. The enemy, now looking for a victory which would achieve some measure of psychological or propaganda value, again mounted an attack of major proportions against Danang but were thoroughly repulsed sustaining heavy casualties. The valiant fighting spirit, perseverance, and teamwork displayed by First Marine Division personnel throughout this period reflected great credit upon themselves and the Marine Corps, and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

RICHARD NIXON

After the ceremonies, President Nixon greeted the crowd of some 10,000 by circling the Parade Ground standing in the back of a jeep.  After saying goodbye to Commandant Chapman, the President started walking towards his waiting limousine, for the short drive back to San Clemente.. Suddenly, a remarkable thing happened. A crowd of Marines carried President Nixon on their shoulders for about 15 yards as he toured the parade grounds after welcoming home the 1st Division from Vietnam, a base spokesman said Saturday. The incident Friday wasn’t seen by most spectators, but television cameras picked up a distant shot of the President being lifted and carried until Secret Service agents called a halt.

The witnesses said the Marines involved were from Camp Pendleton and the 1st Division. “The President walked by the bleachers and waved,” said a corporal. “Suddenly about 15 to 20 guys spilled out of the bleachers, grabbed him, and put him on their shoulders. “They went about 15 yards when the Secret service forced them to put the President down.”

The President Departs with his daughter Trisha
Nixon then shook hands with many of them…..the witnesses said. It was quite a sight to see!

The President and First Lady Visit Palm Springs (1971)

Presidents Trip to Palm Springs Ca


Annenberg estate (Sunnylands)

Type Of Activity
Communications Support
Location
Location
Palm Springs California
Date of Activity
1 May 1971 to 2 May 1971
Coordinates
 33°49′26″N 116°31′49″W

01 May 71 to Palm Springs CA with President and Mrs. Nixon

The President and Mrs. Nixon went to Palm Springs in May 1971 to play some golf and get away from the press for a couple of days. We received very short notice about the planned trip and loaded our equipment in a rental truck and headed for Palm Springs.

We also immediately contacted the GTE telephone company in Palm Springs to start the installation of the circuits for the radios at Edom Hill and to the Annenberg estate, where we were installing Baker and Charlie Base stations for the USSS. We were getting the radio base stations installed in the grounds keeper’s building when Army One landed with the Presidential Party.

At 12:51 pm the President boarded Army One and flew from San Clemente. to the Palm Springs estate of U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Walter Annenberg.  President Nixon would always stay at the estate of Walter Annenberg the owner of TV Guide, Seventeen and many other publications and was the ambassador to England. The Annenberg estate known as Sunnylands came with everything including an 18 hole golf course situated in Rancho Mirage.

The President was accompanied by several gusts including, his friends Bebe Rebozo and Robert Abplanalp. Shortly after their arrival the President and his party started a round of Golf on the 18 hole course on the 240 acre estate.

Although we had the switchboard and radio equipment ready to go when the President arrived, there was still no circuits installed at the Annenberg estate. After many hours of waiting for the telephone company to install the remote keying lines, we finally tested with the switchboard and finished up at about 4AM and left the estate.  We departed Palm Springs the next afternoon for El Toro. The one thing that I learned during that trip was that I could actually get a few minutes of sleep on the back of a golf cart.

Ariel view of the Annenberg estate complete with an 18 hole golf course
The next morning the President and his guests played another round of golf. I have no idea who won but when they finished they had lunch.

At 1:55 The President boarded Army One and flew from the Palm Springs estate of U.S. Ambassador Walter Annenberg, back to the Western White House in San Clemente.

After a little more than 24 hours the President was gone and it was time to tear down all of our equipment and return to El Toro and finish the stay at San Clemente.


Organizational Readiness Evaluation (ORE) (1971)

11 May 71 to Camp Pendleton CA-ORE

Since the CCT was meant to be a fast response team that could respond quickly, DCSU HQ decided to surprise us with an Organizational Readiness Evaluation (ORE). I received a call from Mr. Douglas at about 7:30 in the evening to assemble the team ASAP at our El Toro shop.

I started calling or paging everyone to immediately call me for instructions it only took about 15 min. to inform everyone to pack a bag and report to our shop. When we arrived we were instructed to prepare to leave first thing in the morning with all of our radio, switchboard, and commcenter equipment for an unknown location in southern CA. We all went to the EL Toro MCAS, officers BOQ to spend the night.

Camp Pendleton’s main entrance 
Abandoned Quonset Huts 
Our instructions were to depart and proceed to Camp Pendleton to set up our equipment in a building on base. The building turned out to be an old WW II Quonset hut in an isolated area of Camp Pendleton. We were glad to find that the building did have electricity to power our equipment. It only took us about an hour to set up all of our equipment and run the necessary radio keying lines and interconnecting audio circuits between the two URT-23 HF SSB radios with the mini board and the commcenter. Operational tests were conducted for both TTY and voice traffic including HF Phone Patches with Cactus and FM Radio patches with various places through San Clemente switch board. 

This exercise continued until early evening when we were advised to terminate our activities, pack up our equipment and return to El Toro.

Frank Sinatra's Retirement Concert (1971)

Frank Sinatra’s Retirement Concert
Frank Sinatra’s Retirement Performance
Type of Activity
 Indoor Theater Concert
Location
Location
 135 North Grand Avenue Los Angeles, California
Date of Activity
 June 13 1971
Coordinates
 34°3′29″N118°14′50″W

09 June 1971 to Los Angeles Ca with Vice President Agnew

On June 13, 1971 – at a concert in Hollywood to raise money for the Motion Picture and TV Relief Fund – at the age of 55, Frank Sinatra announced that he was retiring, bringing to an end his 36-year career in show business. This concert was held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion and the Ahmanson Theater in Los Angles. I had no idea when I left San Clemente that I would be supporting this event all that I knew was that Vice President was coming to Los Angles. I was sent there to support Vice President Agnew, his staff and the United States Secret Service, who would be attending a concert at the Ahmanson Theater. 

Dorthy Chandler Pavilion and the Ahmanson Theater
Ahmanson Theater
Since this was a low Key event and no speech was scheduled for the Vice President there was very little publicity and only a few reporters covering the event, those that did were primarily from the entertainment community.  After meeting with the Staff and Secret Service advance people, and were briefed with the details of the VP’s itinerary this is when we found out that it would be Frank Sinatra’s retirement concert. After this briefing we proceeded to start our radio survey of the motorcade route from LAX at the arrival location to the Beverly Hilton and on to the Ahmanson Theater / Dorothy Chandler Pavilion complex. When the survey was complete and the base station locations were selected we ordered the remote keying lines from the Telco. We installed a remote “Charlie” base station at LAX to cover the Vice President’s arrival and set up a remote “Charlie” base station back stage at the Ahmanson Theater to cover the concert, then connected both sites to the USSS CP at the Beverly Hilton Hotel. We then checked radio coverage inside and outside of the theater complex, the Hotel, LAX and the entire motorcade route to insure radio coverage in all areas that the Vice President would visit on this trip. 

Frank Sinatra's retirement concert 
Inside the Ahmanson Theater where Frank Sinatra's retirement concert was held.
Although we would have to work that night, dress rehearsal took place that afternoon and we were able to sit in front row seats and watch them.  Dean Martin and the Gold-diggers, Bob Hope, Jack Benny, Don Rickles, Mitzi Gaynor, Barbra Streisand, Nancy Sinatra, Joe Namath, and Bobby Sherman. I was lucky to have saved the Program which helped me remember everyone who performed at this concert because there were so many. Although I do not remember Frank at the dress rehearsal, I was able to see his entire performance that evening!

The Program began with Princess Grace of Monaco (the former Grace Kelly) giving the opening remarks followed by the concert. Frank Sinatra was introduced by Rosalind Russell and began his performance by singing “All Or Nothing at All” , followed by “I’ve Got You Under My Skin”, I’ll Never Smile Again, a moving rendition of Ol’ Man River, That’s Life, Try A Little Tenderness,  Fly Me To The Moon , Nancy , My Way, The Lady Is A Tramp and concluding his performance with Angel Eye. His performance was fabulous by far the best of the evening.

The great thing about the concert was that all of the best known entertainers of the time were on the program, not to mention celebrities like Robert Wagner, Lucile Ball, David Jansen and Don Knotts that would be in the audience.

Frank Sinatra’s retirement in 1971 
After the show we tore down the remote and returned to the Beverly Hilton Hotel. Vice President Agnew departed the next morning and returned to Washington DC. We then tore down the equipment at LAX, packed up the CP and gathered up all of our equipment, then returned to San Clemente. It was a great show, although Frank Sinatra made his comeback a little more than a year later! It was a great evening of entertainment, one that I will never forget.

Program for the 50th Anniversary of the Motion Picture and Television Relief Fund














President Nixon Announces his Visit to China (1971)

President Nixon Announces his Visit to China

NBC Studios in Burbank CA

Type Of Activity
 Televised News Conference
Location
Location
 Burbank CA
Date of Activity
 July 15 1971
Coordinates
 34°09'14.7"N 118°20'00.5"W

15 Jul 1971 President Nixon announces upcoming trip to China

The President and first Lady arrived in San Clemente on July 3rd 1971 for an extended stay at the Western White House. At the time we were unaware of what would come in two weeks. The President’s trip was pretty routine without many side trips and seemed more like a working vacation as the Senior Staff was very busy. On July 13th Henry Kissinger arrived and participated in a series of meetings with the President and the Senior Staff. 

The next day the CCT was told to get ready to leave for the NBC Studios in Burbank CA. for a live national TV and Radio broadcast that the President would conduct! As we departed no one on the team knew the magnitude of the pending press release.

I had been to NBC Studios on a couple of occasions prior to this visit so I had a basic knowledge of the physical layout! During the 1968 Presidential election I was in CA supporting Candidate Nixon.  He was planning to do a spot on Rowan and Martin’s “Laugh In” and I needed to make sure that the Secret Service had radio coverage for security of the then Candidate Richard Nixon. I knew that the warehouse had easy access to the roof so we set up our base stations in a small room in the warehouse.  We surveyed the studio where the President would Speak and started to prepare for the broadcast!

The President and Henry Kissinger arrive at NBC Studios with HR Haldeman and Ron Ziegler
The President and Dr. Henry Kissinger with the Senior Staff departed San Clemente aboard Marine One and arrived at NBC Studios at 6pm.

At 7:30 pm during a live television and radio broadcast, President Richard Nixon stunned the nation by announcing that he will visit communist China the following year. The statement marked a dramatic turning point in U.S.-Chinese relations.

“It was such a shock,” longtime CBS anchor Dan Rather said, “that President Nixon, the quintessential Cold Warrior, was changing colors, as it were.”

The shock of the announcement unleashed a barrage of opinions, both in favor of the trip and against it, with most somewhere in between. The presidential visit the following February, however, would produce one of the most lasting shifts in the international order in generations — one that reverberates ever stronger to this day.

The President Announces his Planned Trip to China
231 - Remarks to the Nation Announcing Acceptance of an Invitation To Visit the People's Republic of China.
July 15, 1971

Good evening:

I have requested this television time tonight to announce a major development in our efforts to build a lasting peace in the world.

As I have pointed out on a number of occasions over the past 3 years, there can be no stable and enduring peace without the participation of the People's Republic of China and its 750 million people. That is why I have undertaken initiatives in several areas to open the door for more normal relations between our two countries.

In pursuance of that goal, I sent Dr. Kissinger, my Assistant for National Security Affairs, to Peking during his recent world tour for the purpose of having talks with Premier Chou En-lai.
The announcement I shall now read is being issued simultaneously in Peking and in the United States:

Premier Chou En-lai and Dr. Henry Kissinger, President Nixon's Assistant for National Security Affairs, held talks in Peking from July 9 to 11, 1971. Knowing of President Nixon's expressed desire to visit the People's Republic of China, Premier Chou Enlai, on behalf of the Government of the People's Republic of China, has extended an invitation to President Nixon to visit China at an appropriate date before May 1972.

President Nixon has accepted the invitation with pleasure.

The meeting between the leaders of China and the United States is to seek the normalization of relations between the two countries and also to exchange views on questions of concern to the two sides.

In anticipation of the inevitable speculation which will follow this announcement, I want to put our policy in the clearest possible context.

Our action in seeking a new relationship with the People's Republic of China will not be at the expense of our old friends. It is not directed against any other nation. We seek friendly relations with all nations. Any nation can be our friend without being any other nation's enemy.

I have taken this action because of my profound conviction that all nations will gain from a reduction of tensions and a better relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China.

It is in this spirit that I will undertake what I deeply hope will become a journey for peace, peace not just for our generation but for future generations on this earth we share together.

Thank you and good night.


Note: The President's remarks. were broadcast live on radio and television at 7:31 p.m. from the NBC studios, Burbank, Calif.


Citation: Richard Nixon: "Remarks to the Nation Announcing Acceptance of an Invitation To Visit the People's Republic of China." July 15, 1971. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=3079.

The President’s handwritten notes from that day, before delivering his announcement: 
Nixon undertook his historic visit to China the following year, thus beginning a long and slow process of normalization of relations between the People’s Republic of China and the United States. The immediate diplomatic and political rewards of Nixon’s initiative were not readily apparent. The war in Vietnam dragged on until January 1973, with the Chinese apparently having little, if any, impact on North Vietnam’s negotiating stance. Nixon’s trip to China did inspire a good deal of anxiety in Moscow, but whether the policy of detente was helped or not is debatable. The 1972 trip was certainly front-page news in the United States, and may have been one small factor in Nixon’s resounding victory in the presidential election of that year.

 NBC Studios site of President Nixon’s announcement 
that he was going  to visit China in March of 1972
When the broadcast was finished the Presidential party departed the NBC studios for dinner at Perino’s Restaurant in Los Angles. 

We were notified at 10pm that the President had departed Los Angles and was headed back to San Clemente. At which time we began to tear down our equipment and load it on trucks to return to our shop at El Toro MCAS.

This event was only the beginning of the involvement that the San Clemente CCT would be associated with the President’s trip to China.  In Oct 1971 we were dispatched to Hilo HI to support Henry Kissinger when he flew to Beijing to finalize the President’s visit and the team was sent to Guam where we provided communications support while the President stopped in route and return from his visit as well as being back-up for the people working on mainland during the entire visit!

We spent the best share of the month of March 1972 in Agana Guam supporting the China Trip.
Aborted trip to the Bohemian Grove (1971)

Aborted trip to the Bohemian Grove

Entrance to the Bohemian Grove 

Type Of Activity
 Unknown  Presidential Function                                  
Location
Location
 Santa Rosa/Monte Rio CA
Date of Activity
 29 July 1971
Coordinates

July 29, 1971 the aborted trip to the Bohemian Grove in Monte Rio CA

Since the CCT was a fast response communications team, we got our share of short notice activity especially on the west coast.  We also had a few false alarms, one of which was a trip to the Santa Rosa CA area in July of 1971.
We were notified on July 28, 1971 that the President was going to attend a function at the Bohemian Grove in Monte Rio, CA. in two days. We loaded our equipment on to a C130 Hercules and departed El Toro Marine Air Station at 5 am the next morning. The flight to Hamilton AFB just north of San Francisco CA took about an hour and a half.  
C130 Hercules Cargo Transport
Passenger jump seats

We arrived at Hamilton AFB at 6:30 am and started to unload our equipment, there were rental vehicles available to transport the equipment to a nearby hotel where we would meet with the Secret Service advance team who would reveal to us the Presidents itinerary.
Since this was a Presidential trip we would set up a base of operations in the hotel which would include the Switchboard separate Comm. Center, and the Secret Service Command Post.  We also installed radios for the USSS and paging for the WH staff. 
 We were told that the President would be going to a location north of Santa Rosa CA. It would be necessary for us to provide radio coverage for USSS security detail and the of course the President while at the club. We set up a meeting with the local TELCO in Santa Rosa, loaded our radio equipment into a van and headed north! We met with the TELCO in Santa Rosa and discussed the geographic location of the site; we determined that the best place to install our radio base stations would be in the Monte Rio central office, which was near the entrance to the Bohemian Grove.

The Bohemian Grove just outside of Monte Rio, CA.
                        Two future U.S. presidents, Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon, are pictured                     with Harvey Hancock (standing) and others at Bohemian Grove in the summer of 1967.
The membership list has included every Republican Party and some Democrat Party U.S. presidents since 1923, many cabinet officials, directors and CEO's of large corporations including major financial institutions. Major military contractors, oil companies, banks (including the Federal Reserve), utilities (including nuclear power) and national media (broadcast and print) have high-ranking officials as club members or guests.  

We met a local TELCO representative at the Monte Rio central Office (CO) where we were going to install the FM radio base stations. Once the base stations were fired up and the antennas were installed on the roof we began a radio survey to determine how well we could cover the area in and around the Bohemian Grove. We never received the authorization to conduct radio tests from within the grove, so we could only test at the entrance which was guarded by camp valets.

We returned to the CO. to wait for the remote keying lines to be installed in the USSS CP and the WHCA switchboard.  At about 10 PM we got a call that the President’s visit had been canceled and that we need to pack up all of the equipment and return to our base of operations.

The next morning we loaded up all of our equipment and returned to Hamilton AFB to catch a C-130 back to El Toro. We departed Hamilton never getting to see first-hand exactly what was so exclusive about the Bohemian Grove!

President Nixon Visits Loma Linda University Medical Center (1971)

Loma Linda University Medical Center
Loma Linda Medical Center in Loma Linda Ca
Type of Activity
 Announcement to build new Hospital      
Location
Location
 Loma Linda Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA 
Date of Activity
 20 Aug 1971
Coordinates
 34°03′09″N 117°15′51″W

20 August 1971 to Loma Linda with President Nixon

The San Clemente CCT made many side trips while President Nixon was vacationing at the Western White House in San Clemente. These side trips were usually in and out visits that only required one central location to be installed and turned up. We would set up the radio site, Switchboard, Comm. Center, and start preparing the speech site at the Loma Linda University Medical Center! The Presidents itinerary was to arrive on Marine One, spend about two hours on the Ground and then return to San Clemente. B/C/S FM Base stations were installed at the medical center to support the USSS and White House Staff.

President Richard Nixon visited Loma Linda University, August 20, 1971 and announced the construction of a $28.9 million dollar Veterans Administration hospital in the Loma Linda area. The new Veterans Administration hospital will replace the 521- bed hospital in San Fernando, California in which 48 patients and employees died in the earth quake of February 9 1979. Shortly after the announcement was made, four southern California geologists criticized the selection of the Loma Linda site. They all felt that this area had a higher earthquake potential than most of southern California since two of the biggest earthquake faults ran within several miles of Loma Linda. They said that since 1918 there have been six quakes in the area that have been over six points on the Richter scale.

Marine One arrives at Loma Linda Medical Center                      
Speaking before 10,000 Loma Linda residents, President Nixon said that the 630-bed hospital "will be closely affiliated with the School of Medicine, an affiliation which holds great promise for future improvements in medical care for veterans. “The medical school is noted for the high quality of its medical training, for its strong support of overseas medical missions, and for its deep dedication to community service." In commending Loma Linda University, President Nixon said that "I can think of nothing that does more to make friends for America abroad than that kind of selfless service by people like those from Loma Linda.

President Nixon announces the construction of a new VA hospital in Loma Linda Ca
However, President Nixon said the decision to replace the hospital grew out of a "careful review which has been conducted by the administrator of veteran’s affairs and other government officials." "What this action demonstrates, in my judgment, is that we can foster social progress -with all the building and modernization that implies and at the same time enhance environmental quality.

President Nixon remarks
Coming with Mr. Nixon from the Western White House was California Governor Ronald Reagan. President Nixon and Governor Reagan were flown to Loma Linda University in "Marine One," the official Presidential 'helicopter. The Presidential helicopter, flown by Lieutenant Colonel Richard A. Kuci, commanding officer of Marine Helicopter Squadron One located at Quantico, Virginia, was accompanied by two marine helicopters carrying the White House Press Corps and two similar helicopters carrying Mr. Nixon's staff. The only incidents to mar the otherwise spectacular visit were the arrest of fourteen anti-war demonstrators and the treatment of 20 visitors that were overcome with the heat.

Seems like a lot of work for two hours but as soon as the President was at the point of no return from San Clemente, we started to disconnect and pack up all of our equipment for the return trip to our shop at El Toro!

VA Hospital at Loma Linda Medical Center

History of Jerry L. Pettis Memorial VA Medical Center
August 20, 1971: President Richard Nixon came to Loma Linda with his personal announcement that the hospital would be built. This announcement came six months after an earthquake leveled VA’s San Fernando hospital killing 44 patients and staff.

June 16, 1974: Groundbreaking for the facility took place celebrating an investment of $70 million for the land and buildings.

February 14, 1975: Congressman Jerry L. Pettis died at the age of 58 in a plane crash. The Medical Center would become a memorial for the Congressman and was named the Jerry L. Pettis Memorial VA Medical Center.

September 25, 1977: Over 5,000 people attended the Dedication Ceremonies. At the time of dedication over 200 employees were on duty with the expectation of a total of 1,515 staff and a yearly budget of $32,610,200, once the facility was fully operational. It would take 15 months to activated the Medical Center

December 27, 1977: The first patient was admitted to the facility.

Jerry L. Pettis Memorial VA Medical Center Loma Linda Ca
The President's Trip to Santa Catalina Island (1971)

The President's Trip to Santa Catalina Island

The Casino in Avalon on Catalina Island 

Type of Activity
 Boat Excursion to Santa Catalina Island
Location
Location 
 Santa Catalina Island CA
Date of Activity
 August 28 and 29 1971
Coordinates
 33° 23′ 0″ N, 118° 25′ 0″ W

28 and 29 Aug 1971 to Santa Catalina Island CA   

Santa Catalina Island, often called Catalina Island, is a rocky island off the coast of California. The island is 22 miles (35 km) long and 8 miles (13 km) across at its greatest width. Catalina Island is located about 22 miles (35 km) south-southwest of Los Angeles, California.
The total population as of the 2010 census was 4,096 people, 90 percent of whom live in the island's only incorporated city, Avalon. There are only two ways that you can travel to the Island, by boat or by flying into the Airport in the Sky. When WHCA made their radio survey of southern California and Orange County it was discovered that a site on Catalina Island would line of sight to cover all of the beach areas from San Clemente, Laguna Beach, and north to Newport Beach. Most of the Senior Staff, Staff, and representatives of the Press would stay in these beach cities while they visited the Western White House.
We installed radios on Blackjack Mountain which is the second highest point on the island, at 2,010 feet, inside a fenced-off AT&T communications installation. Over the period of time that I spent working in San Clemente we made numerous trips by helicopter to Catalina island to perform preventive maintenance on the radio base stations and make sure that we had sufficient coverage should the President visit Avalon
.          Black Jack Mt. radio site
.WHCA radio site overlooking Catalina Airport
To the best of my recollection the President and Mrs. Nixon choppered on Marine One to Catalina Island on Jan 8 1971 and they were greeted by the Mayor of Santa Catalina, Harvey Cowells. The President toured the Island and then after only a few hours departed on Marine One and returned to San Clemente.

Approaching Catalina Island's Airport in the Sky
Airport in the Sky Main Terminal
On Aug 28, 1971 the President accompanied by Mr. C.G. (BEBE) Rebozo departed the Western White House on Army One in route to Newport Beach CA. Landing at the Newporter Inn helipad. The President, and Mr. Rebozo, motored from the Newporter Inn to the Balboa Bay Club, also in Newport Beach. This is where the Mojo was docked.

The Newporter Inn in Newport Beach CA
Balboa Bay Club in Newport Beach CA
For twenty plus years the “Mojo” was berthed at the Balboa Bay Club. Prior to and during the Presidency of Richard Nixon enjoyed cruising the harbor aboard the “Mojo.” It was amusing to watch the Secret Service follow along in much smaller boats to ensure the President’s security. The President was greeted by Frank Muller, retired Los Angeles businessman and owner of the yacht Mojo. Also on board were the Presidents Dr., his personal staff and the Military Aide.

The President on board the Mojo en-route to Santa Catalina Island
 The Presidential party cruised from the Balboa Bay Club Newport Beach, California via Avalon Bay, Santa Catalina Island, California, to Jew Fish Point, Santa Catalina Island, California.

The President, and Mr. Rebozo, went ashore to swim from the beach at Jew Fish Point, When the President and Mr. Rebozo returned to the Mojo they were joined by television writer and producer Paul, W. Keyes. 

Once aboard they cruised along the eastern coast of Catalina Island, and finally the Mojo anchored for the night at White Cove, Santa Catalina Island, California. The Secret Service agents guarding the President followed him everywhere never losing sight of him.

Avalon Bay at Catalina Island
         One of the secluded beaches along the Catalina coast
 The next morning the Presidential party cruised along the northwest shore line of Santa Catalina Island aboard the Mojo they then cruised to San Pedro Harbor, California where they had lunch. They then cruised to the Newport Beach Coast Guard dock, Newport Beach, California.

The President shook hands and chatted with people in the crowd which included Coast Guard personnel, press reporters and photographers and got into the Limo and motored back to the Newporter Inn and immediately departed on Army One for the Western White House.

Radio Coverage tor the two days that the President was flawless, the installation of radios on Catalina Island really paid off on this trip!

Motorola FM VHF Radio Training (1971)

Motorola Radio Training

Motorola’s Manufacturing Plant Schaumburg IL
Type Of Activity
Technical Training
Location
Location
Schaumburg IL
Date of Activity
 Sep 19 1971 to Sep 25 1971
Coordinates
42° 4'5.20"N  88° 2'44.47"W

19 Sep 71 to Chicago IL-Motorola Radio  

I had been working on Motorola FM equipment for a number of years, all of my training had been on the job until 1971 when I was sent to Schaumburg IL to Motorola’s manufacturing plant to be trained on hand held FM radios and radio pagers.

Motorola’s Headquarters Schaumburg IL
WHCA used the Motorola brand exclusively for communications between the Secret Service, the White House Staff and WHCA our frequency spectrum was in the VHF range for these units.

We would use the P-33’s in all motorcade setups and all vehicles used by advance and staff. If the vehicle was assigned to the Secret Service they would receive a unit with Baker/Charlie frequency. The Staff would receive a P-33 radio on Sierra frequency.  

Motorola P-33 5w FM transceiver
The Secret Service Agents were all issued HT-220's on Baker/Charlie Frequency and certain Staff members would be issued HT-220's on Sierra. 

HT-220 1.5w FM Transceiver
The Staff frequency would also be set up with a Radio Paging system.  The Paging encoder would be set up at the switchboard at all trip locations or permanent installations. Any of the Staff and WHCA personnel authorized would receive a voice pager.

Paging system Encoder
Motorola  Page Boy radio paging unit
The San Clemente Detachment and CCT had hundreds of units that were used during Presidential visits or support on side trips for the Secret Service and the White House Staff.  This training would help us tremendously in our efforts to maintain our assigned equipment.

Since I had met and married my wife (Joanne)  while I was stationed in Chicago, I was pretty familiar with the area.  I was sent to this training with Bill Eadie who was also a CCT member.  We arrived at O’Hare and departed to check into our hotel.

The Motorola Plant was only two miles away from our hotel, so the next morning we started the week long class. We wrapped up training on Friday morning and was given a tour of the manufacturing plant after which we were released to return home. 

Bill and I departed O’Hare on Saturday to return to San Clemente

The Kissinger Advance Trip to China (1971)

The Kissinger Advance Trip To China Hilo Hawaii

Mauna Kea Beach Hotel Hilo, HI

Type of Activity
Communications Support Trip  
Location
Location
Hilo HI
Date of Activity
13 Oct 1971
Coordinates
 19°42′20″N 155°5′9″W

13 October 1971 to Hilo Hi with Henry Kissinger

In July 1971, President Nixon's National Security Adviser, Henry Kissinger, secretly visited Beijing, and laid the groundwork for Nixon's visit to China. The world discovered that Kissinger had just returned from a secret mission to China. Nixon then announced that he, the president of the United States, had accepted an invitation to visit China.

On October 13, 1971 the San Clemente CCT was sent to Hilo, Hi to support Dr. Kissinger during his final trip to China prior to the President’s visit in February, 1972. The CCT set up a single position mini switchboard, and a secure Comm. Center in the Mauna Kea Beach Hotel, where Dr. Kissinger would lay over for a couple of days before continuing on to Peking. There were several Autovon circuits and some TTY circuits terminated on the switchboard for use by the small staff that was traveling with Dr. Kissinger.

We departed Hilo on October 18, 1971 after Dr. Kissinger returned from his meeting in China.

When we left Hilo it was on an old Air Force trainer and we flew directly to Hickam AFB in Honolulu. Since we could not arrange for Air Force transportation, we had to arrange for our return on a commercial airliner. After we booked ourselves on a return flight the next day we checked into the Ala Moana Hotel for the night. 

Ala Moana Hotel in Honolulu HI
There were several things that we had to do before boarding the Aircraft. Since we were carrying classified material and Comm. Center equipment we were required to notify them that we were armed and order a Sky Marshal for the flight. Then we had to supervise the loading of the equipment into the cargo hold to insure that it was secured and nothing else was loaded.

Upon our arrival in Los Angeles we were the first off to watch our equipment unloaded from the plane.

On October, 25 1971, just five days after Dr. Kissinger returned from this trip to China the UN General Assembly expelled Taiwan and admitted the Peoples Republic of China.

Lincompex Training (1971)

14 Nov 71 to Washington DC-Lincompex for High Frequency Radio

I was sent back to the WHCA shop in Georgetown to be trained on a new piece of terminal equipment for high frequency radio telephone circuits.

WHCA Radio Shop site of Lincompex training
I arrived at the Baltimore MD airport and was picked up by a friend who I would be staying that also worked at the radio shop.

The new terminal was known as LINCOMPEX, which improved performance of HF SSB audio circuits, more particularly when reception conditions are poor on account of noise and fading. By sending a compressed signal and expanding the signal on the receiving end, the two main advantages of using LINCOMPEX, was the constant loss feature which makes singing suppressors unnecessary and thus avoids the 'lock-out' trouble, and the muting of noise between utterances.

Training lasted for a week and I returned to San Clemente. 

Dedication of The Eisenhower Medical Center (1971)

Dedication of the Eisenhower Medical Center
The Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage CA
Type of Activity
 Hospital Dedication       
Location
Location
 Eisenhower Medical Center Rancho Mirage, CA
Date of Activity
 November 27 1971
Coordinates

November 27 1971 to Palm Springs with President and Mrs. Nixon and Vice President and Mrs. Agnew

The San Clemente CCT made many trips to Palm Springs in support of the President and Vice President. Most of the visits were only golf outings but, on November 27 1971 President and Mrs. Nixon attended the dedication of the Eisenhower Memorial Hospital and Eisenhower Medical Center in Palm Desert CA.; also in attendance were Mrs. Eisenhower, Vice President and Mrs. Agnew and Governor and Mrs. Reagan all of which had protection details that need access to our communications either directly or indirectly.

We had to install the CP and the WHCA Comm-center in a nearby hotel for the USSS and WH staff the switchboard was installed in the GTE central office in Palm Springs. There was a radio site on Edom Hill which overlooked Palm Springs Airport, The Medical Center and the Annenberg estate where the President always stayed. WHCA had installed Baker and Charlie base stations that we turned up when a trip was eminent. We also installed FM radios at the USSS CP, close to the speech site.
Bob Hope at the ground Breaking Ceremony 
Bob Hope donated the land for the Eisenhower Medical Center
We had to install the CP and the WHCA Comm-center in a nearby hotel for the USSS and WH staff. The switchboard was installed in the GTE central office in Palm Springs. There was a radio site on Edom Hill which overlooked Palm Springs Airport, The Medical Center and the Annenberg estate where the President always stayed. WHCA had installed Baker and Charlie base stations that we turned up when a trip was eminent. We also installed FM radios at the USSS CP, close to the speech site.

The President and the First Lady flew by helicopter from the San Clemente Compound helipad, to the Annenberg Estate, Palm Springs, California. The President and the First Lady motored from the Annenberg Estate to the Eisenhower Medical Center, Palm Desert, California.

Upon their arrival the President and the First Lady were greeted by Mrs. Bob Hope, wife of the comedian and President of the Board of Trustees of the Eisenhower Medical Center. The President and the First Lady, then accompanied by Mrs. Hope, went to the speaker's platform. Other guests seated on the platform were: Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, Mrs. Spiro T. Agnew, Governor Ronald W. Reagan (R-California), Mrs. Ronald W. Reagan, Bob Hope, Comedian and Donator of the land for the Medical Center, Paul Jenkins, Member of the Board of Trustees of the Eisenhower Medical Center and A. Pollard Simons, Member of the Board of Trustees of the Eisenhower Medical Center.

President Nixon speaks at the dedication of the Eisenhower Medical Center
Remarks at the Dedication of the Eisenhower Memorial Hospital, Eisenhower Medical Center, Palm Desert, California.
November 27, 1971

Mrs. Eisenhower, Vice President and Mrs. Agnew, Governor and Mrs. Reagan, President and Mr. Hope [laughter],1 all of the very distinguished guests who are here on the platform and who are here in the audience:

When one studies, the history of civilizations, he finds that one of the most difficult problems every society has is to find an appropriate way to honor their great men. Sometimes a statue is built. Sometimes a building is named, a street, many appropriate ways have been found.

Mrs. Bob Hope was president of the board of trustees of the Eisenhower Medical Center.

In the case of President Eisenhower, so many ways would have been appropriate. Here was a man who in the whole history of war led the greatest armies to the greatest victory and so he could have been a man on horseback a military statue that could have been his memorial.

But, as the Vice President has so eloquently said, this is the most appropriate way to honor this man. It is what he would have wanted.

I recall, as Mrs. Eisenhower will, those last days in Walter Reed. And while physically he became weaker and weaker, mentally and spiritually he was stronger and stronger. I remember right to the last, where he wanted to go more than anyplace else in the world was back to Palm Springs. Oh, he loved Burning Tree and he loved Augusta and all the other places where he played golf, but his heart was here, here because of this place, the people that he knew.

And so from a personal standpoint, the man honored by this building, this institution, would have wanted it right here in this place, the place he loved so much.

But then, as we look at it in other terms, we find that President Eisenhower was a unique history figure, unique in the sense that he was a great leader in war--considering the size of wars, the greatest in history because of the armies that he led to victory--but also he had the opportunity, and met that challenge so well, to lead in peace. As President of the United States, he ended a war and kept America out of war for 8 years, and that is a great legacy for a man.

So this magnificent building behind us, the first of a number that eventually, probably, will be built here, memorializes this man who was a victor in war, but this man whose greatest contribution was to peace. And so this institution will be here to preserve life, not to destroy it, and that is what he would have liked and that is the way that we, very appropriately, honor him on this occasion and in the years ahead.

As we dedicate this building, I would finally suggest that we dedicate ourselves to the great challenges that lie ahead. We enter what we hope may be a period in which the United States can be at peace, not just for a few years, but perhaps for a generation; perhaps longer.

Building a generation of peace or a century of peace is, of course, a great task. But how we use that peace, what we do with it, is equally a very great challenge. We must see that America is physically healthy. This building and the men and women who will work in it will contribute to that goal.

We must see that America is economically healthy, and that means building a kind of prosperity that depends on peace and not on war; the kind of prosperity that we last had in 1955 and '56, when President Eisenhower was President.
And finally, building a people and a nation that is morally and spiritually healthy. The Eisenhower legacy speaks to that great challenge as it does to the others.

And so on this occasion, we as Americans, thinking of one of our great men, thinking of this institution that honors him, dedicate ourselves to the tasks ahead: of building a strong, healthy, vigorous America; meeting the challenge of building a world of peace for us, and for all people in the world.
_______________________________________________________________________________
Note: The President spoke at 11:44 a.m. at the hospital building.
Land for the Medical Center was donated by Mr. and Mrs. Hope, and funds for the nonprofit hospital were given by trustees and friends of the hospital. The hospital was the initial stage of a medical complex that will include research and teaching facilities.
_______________________________________________________________________________

On November 26, 1971, the White House released a fact sheet on the hospital.
_______________________________________________________________________________

Citation: Richard Nixon: "Remarks at the Dedication of the Eisenhower Memorial Hospital, Eisenhower Medical Center, Palm Desert, California." November 27, 1971. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=3237.
_______________________________________________________________________________

A private tour of the facility followed the dedication
There was also a small reception held following the dedication
When the Ceremony was over The President and the First Lady toured the Eisenhower Memorial Hospital with: Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower, Vice President and Mrs. Agnew, Governor and Mrs. Reagan Mr. and Mrs. Hope, and James M. Taylor, Executive Director of the Eisenhower Medical Center The President and the First Lady greeted a group of approximately ten medical and health publication editors and publishers.

The President and the First Lady accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Hope then departed the Eisenhower Medical Center and motored from the E1 Dorado Country Club, Palm Springs, California. I was driving the WHCA Press car and was included in the official motorcade, the President greeted persons along the motorcade route during a brief and unscheduled stop.  The motorcade then preceded to the dining room in the E1 Dorado Country Club, where he greeted, The Vice President, Governor Reagan, Frank Sinatra, and Mr. Hope among some other guests. The President had lunch and then the Presidential party n proceeded to the golf course to play 13 holes of golf.

     The President and Bob Hope enjoy a round of golf 
The Nixon’s return to San Clemente
I was monitoring radio traffic all afternoon and finally at about 4:30 pm the President and the First Lady left the El Dorado Country Club to the helipad at the Annenberg Estate.  The President and First Lady flew by helicopter from the Annenberg Estate, Palm Springs, California, to the helipad at the San Clemente Compound.

It was time to retrieve all of our equipment and return to Our facility at El Toro MCAS.

Program from the Dedication


















The Vice President and Mrs. Agnew Visit Palm Springs (1971)


Support trip to Palm Springs Ca.

The Vice President and comedian Bob Hope enjoy a round of golf

Type Of Activity
Communications Support Trip
Location
Location
Palm Springs California
Date of Activity
 27 Dec 1971 to 4 Jan 1972
Coordinates
 33°49′26″N 116°31′49″W

27 Dec 71 to Palm Springs CA with Vice President and Mrs. Agnew

Vice President Agnew scheduled a golfing vacation in Palm Springs, which would include New Year’s Day of 1972. Three CCT members were sent to Palm Springs where we met with the Staff Advance and USSS agent to discuss the VP’s Itinerary. After checking into our rooms at the Motel we made a radio survey to insure coverage at Bob Hopes residence where the VP and Mrs. Agnew would be staying.

Since the arrival and departure of Air Force Two would be at the Palm Springs International Airport we also tested coverage at the terminal and the ramp where the aircraft would be parked.  We also checked out two golf courses for coverage, Rancho Mirage Country Club, and Tamarack Country Club. 
The Rancho Mirage Country Club
The Tamarack Country Club
The Vice President was to play golf with Frank Sinatra and Bob Hope during his stay.

Frank Sinatra’s estate at the Tamarack Country Club
Bob Hope golfing  with Vice President Agnew
All of the trips we made were pretty routine, but all of them were different in what we experienced. This was my final trip to Palm Springs and I will always remember the resorts and people that we worked with and how they made our jobs easier

Prime Minister Eisaku Sato of Japan Visits the Western White House (1972)

State Visit of Prime Minister Eisaku Sato
Entrance to the Western White House
Type of Activity
 Summit Meeting      
Location
Location
 La Casa Pacifica San Clemente Ca
Date of Activity
 January 6 1972
Coordinates
 33.390989°N 117.597081°W

President Nixon was coming to California for an extended stay and planned to meet with Japan’s Prime Minister Sato in a few days. He planned to fly to San Diego to address the National Steel Workers to try and boost the American Shipbuilders moral who were facing stiff competition from the Japanese and European yards. The President wanted to reassure them that the upcoming meetings with Prime Minister Sato would help their ability to compete with Japan.

Jan 4 1972 President Nixon Addresses the National Steelworkers (1972)

The President greets steel workers at the National Steel and Shipbuilding Co.
On very short notice the President decided to visit the National Steel and Shipbuilding Co. SSC). There was no advance notice given or a specific reason for his visit and informal address. The CCT was notified the day of the President’s arrival in California to set up communications at the shipyard in San Diego to support the Presidents short visit and remarks. As usual we had to scramble and departed El Toro with a complete complement of radio equipment, Mini-Switchboard and Comm-center. The Local telephone company was notified and all circuits were ordered with tentative locations. We connected Baker and Charlie to the USSS CP at the Western White House While Sierra was installed on the Mini-Switchboard on site.

The President arrived at the Western White House the night before his proposed trip to NSSC and made the 60 mile helicopter flight to the San Diego Naval Air Station on Jan. 4th where the Presidential Limo waited. The motorcade then proceeded to the shipbuilding yard.

Note: The Exxon Valdes was built at this shipyard in 1986 and launched on 14 October 1986

 Construction is underway of a super-tanker at the NSSC’s shipyard in San Diego.
The President spoke at 10:36 a.m. at the shipyard of the company. He spoke without referring to notes. Once his remarks were finished the President spent several minutes with the crowd of steelworkers that had gathered to see the President and hear his remarks.  Approximately 30 min. after the President arrived at the shipyard, he departed by motorcade to the San Diego Naval Air Station to return to the Western White House where final preparations were underway for Prime Minister Sato visit.

These short in and out side trips were fairly simple and we were becoming use to them that’s why the CCT was established and why all of our equipment was stored on pallets. We packed up all of our equipment and returned to our shop at the El Toro MCAS.

Once we returned from San Diego all of the CCT went to San Clemente and Prepare for the upcoming visit of Prime Minister Sato who would arrive in two days on Jan 6th 1972.

Prime Minister Sato Arrives at the Western White House
President Richard M. Nixon and Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato had economic meetings at the Western White House in San Clemente. Nixon and Sato worked out the final details of the Okinawa reversion agreement during these meetings along with other economic issues.

On January 6, 1972, the President greeted Prime Minister Sato in a ceremony at the Western White House and later that evening the President hosted a working dinner in honor of Prime Minister Sato and the U.S. and Japanese official parties. Entertainment was provided by a five piece string ensemble from the US Marine orchestra.

The next day the President and Prime Minister Sato met again in the Conference room in the Admin. Building with the members of the U.S. and Japanese official parties and concluded the two day visit.

The President and Prime Minister Sato issued a joint statement on the result of their meetings to members of the press and the official U.S. and Japanese parties. The address was videotaped for a delayed transmission to Japan via satellite.

Note: The President spoke at 1:30 p.m. at the Western White House in San Clemente, Calif. He spoke without referring to notes.

Departing from the Western White House
Following the President's remarks, Prime Minister Sato spoke in Japanese. His remarks were translated by an interpreter as follows:

“I wish to express my heartfelt appreciation for the opportunity given me to renew my long, personal friendship with President Nixon during the 2-day talks with him. I am confident that these meetings have contributed to strengthen the unshakable relationship of mutual trust and interdependence between the peoples of the United States and Japan.

On behalf of the Japanese delegation, I would like to express my sincere thanks for the warm hospitality extended to us by President Nixon.

I would also like to extend to President Nixon my best wishes for his health, and hope that his forthcoming visits to Peking and Moscow will bring about fruitful achievements for the peace and prosperity of the world. 
I thank you.”

Citation: Richard Nixon: "Remarks on Departure of Prime Minister Eisaku Sato of Japan From the Western White House." January 7, 1972. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=3685.

These meetings took place just prior to President Nixon’s visit to China in 1972. 

The Presidential Visit To The Peoples Republic Of China (1972)

 Peking China    
 President and Mrs. Nixon arriving in China
Coordinates:                                   39°54′50″N 116°23′30″E
Country
 China
Settled
 473 BC
Elevation
 43.5 m (143 ft.)
Population    (2009) 
 22,000,000

21 to 28 February 1972 President Nixon Visits China

U.S. President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China. It marked the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC, who at that time considered the U.S. one of its staunchest foes. The visit has become a metaphor for an unexpected or uncharacteristic action by a politician.

Improved relations with the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China are often cited as the most successful diplomatic achievements of Nixon’s presidency. After World War II, Americans saw relations between the United States and the Soviet Union deteriorating, Russians consolidating communist puppet states over much of Eastern Europe, and China teetering on the edge of communism. Many Americans felt concern that communists might cause the downfall of schools or labor unions. One of the main reasons Richard Nixon became the 1952 Vice-president candidate on the Eisenhower ticket was his strong anti-communism stance. Despite this, in 1972 Nixon became the first U.S. president to visit China while in office.

President Nixon and his advisers on AF1 in route to China

From February 21-28, 1972, U.S. President Richard Nixon traveled to Beijing, Hangzhou and Shanghai. Almost as soon as the American president arrived in the Chinese capital he was summoned for a meeting with Chairman Mao who, unknown to the Americans, had been ill nine days earlier but was at that point feeling strong enough to meet Nixon. Secretary of State William P. Rogers was excluded from this meeting and the only other American present was National Security Council staffer (and later U.S. Ambassador to China) Winston Lord. To avoid embarrassing Rogers, Lord was cropped out of all the official photographs of the meeting. Although Nixon was in China for a week, this would be his sole meeting with the top Chinese leader.

 Chairman Mao and President Nixon
The Nixon’s arrival in China
Nixon held many meetings with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai during the trip, which included visits to the Great WallHangzhou, and Shanghai.

The Nixon’s tour the Great Wall of China
The Nixon’s tour the Great Wall of China

At the conclusion of his trip, the United States and the PRC Governments issued the Shanghai Communique, a statement of their foreign policy views and a document that would remain the basis of Sino-American bilateral relations for many years. Kissinger stated that the U.S. also intended to pull all its forces out of the island of Taiwan. In the communique, both nations pledged to work toward the full normalization of diplomatic relations.

 Letter of Appreciation
Certificate of Membership
President's Travel Itinerary

Destinations
Dates
Purpose
Agana Guam
February 20-21, 1972
Rest stop in route to China
Shanghai, Peking, Hangchow
 People's Republic of 
China
February 21-28, 1972
State visit; met with Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou En-Lai.

WHCA’s Role in the President’s Trip to China

On February 10, 1972 the San Clemente CCT departed for Guam which is an island in the western Pacific Ocean and is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States. Agana is the island's capital. Our primary mission was to set up a support base that would be able to quickly respond to any personnel or equipment emergencies that might occur during this trip. 

Agana the Capital of Guam
B-52 departing Andersen AFB to Vietnam
We arrived at Andersen AFB early in the morning on February 11, 1972, as soon as we unloaded all of our equipment and got settled in the hotel. We met with some government and military personnel to find locations suitable to install our communication equipment. Andersen was the perfect location because of its tight base security. 

From early 1972, Andersen AFB was the site of one of the most massive buildups of air power in history. The influx of bombers, crews, and support personnel pushed Andersen's military population past 15,000. Over 150 B-52's lined all available space on the flight line. 

We utilized three locations on Andersen to set up the mini switchboards, the crypto equipment in the Comm. Center, and the HF SSB and FM radios. Since the arrival would take place at Andersen and the President and Mrs. Nixon would stay in a nearby private residence. We decided to install Baker/Charlie and Sierra base stations in the same building as the Switchboard and Comm. Center. This would make it an easier installation for the keying lines to the radio consoles and paging system that terminated at the switchboard... 

We installed a URT-23 HF Transmitter with two R-1051 receivers to work with the WHCA people on mainland China. We were given a schedule of specific dates and times that we were allowed to test on our assigned frequencies. Once we completed testing we went to 24hr coverage on all communications activities 

R-1051 SSB Receiver 
URT-23 1KW SSB Transmitter
The WHCA Mini-switchboard
The President arrived on February 20, 1972 and spent the evening on Guam before continuing his flight to mainland China. 

The President, Mrs. Nixon, Dr. Kissinger and a few Staff members arrived in Peking on February 21, 1972 to begin one of the most historic events in history. The President would spend seven days in China, during that period of time the WHCA installations on Guam would be the focal point for most of the communications to and from the President and his Staff. 

The Presidents left China on February 28, 1972 and we immediately started to remove our equipment and got ready to load it on a C-141 returning from China with some WHCA personnel. The plane was loaded and we were ready to depart Guam for a couple of days of rest in Honolulu, Hi.


Ala Moana Hotel in Honolulu HI

We were all ready for some R&R after spending close to a month preparing and executing this very historical event in History. We spent two days at the Ala Moana hotel on Waikiki in Honolulu.

On March 2, 1972 the San Clemente CCT returned to their home base at El Toro MCAS form Guam and the China trip was over.

Vice President Agnew's Trip to New Orleans (1972)

Vice President Agnew’s Visit to New Orleans

Spiro Agnew delivers speech at a Republican Fund Raiser
Type Of Activity
 Republican Party Fund Raiser
Location
Location
 New Orleans LA
Date of Activity
 24-25 April 1972
Coordinates
 29°57'22.7"N 90°03'56.2"W

APRIL 24 1972 Vice President Agnew’s Visit to New Orleans

From the time of his nomination as Richard Nixon's running mate in August 1968 to his resignation in October 1973, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew was the leading administration spokesman for those Nixon called "The Silent Majority" of Americans. His speeches crafted by William Safire and Pat Buchanan spoke repeatedly about the Media, Vietnam, student unrest, campus disorders and integration which were the most controversial political subjects of the time.

On April 18, 1972 WHCA received information that Vice President Spiro T. Agnew was scheduled to travel to New Orleans arriving at New Orleans International Airport on the morning of April 24, 1972. I was assigned with two others to support the VP and departed the next day for New Orleans. When we arrived we went directly to the Royal Orleans Hotel where the VP would be staying and we had our initial meeting with the Staff advance and the Secret Service to be briefed on the VP’s itinerary for the next two days.

We met with the local Telco and completed a radio coverage survey of the planned motorcade route that the Vice President would travel. We then set up radio base stations at the Airport, and the Royal Orleans Hotel for the USSS CP. The remote keying lines were ordered and installed and we were ready to support the Secret Service as well as the Vice President during their stay in New Orleans.

Aboard AF-2 Speechwriters William Safire and Pat Buchanan with VP Spiro Agnew
The Vice President arrived at noon on April 24, 1972, at the New Orleans International Airport and traveled directly by motorcade to the Roosevelt Hotel where he would give a luncheon/speech before the American Road Builders Association Convention. The USSS Agents at the Roosevelt Hotel reported that there were nine anti-war protesters carrying placards by the front entrance of the Roosevelt Hotel. There were no other incidents or demonstrations reported While we were in New Orleans.

Upon the completion of the speech, the Vice President flew to Shreveport, Louisiana, where he was scheduled to give a speech that evening addressing members of the Ambassador Club at Barksdale AFB, Bossier City, LA and then attending a social function of prominent Republicans later that evening.
The Roosevelt Hotel
The Royal Orleans Hotel

We had set up the Secret Service CP in the Royal Orleans hotel adjacent to the Vice President’s suite and secured the area while the Vice President was in Shreveport.  The suite was on the top floor of the hotel and was easy to seal off from anyone trying to gain unauthorized access. The Secret Service monitored all activity from the CP and was in constant communication with all Agents in Shreveport and New Orleans.


New Orleans International Airport
Site Of  Departure

The Vice President returned to New Orleans that evening about 10 pm and returned to the Royal Orleans Hotel. The next morning Vice President Agnew had breakfast at Brennan’s Restaurant and motored to New Orleans International Airport. Once we received wheels up in the USSS CP at 12 noon on Apr. 25 1972, all that was left to do was to collect all our equipment and return home! We departed New Orleans the next day on Apr 26, 1972.


1 comment:

  1. Question:
    Do you recall an incident in 1970 involving damage to the Western White Fence? A Marine (MP) from Camp Pendleton fell asleep at the wheel while returning to base. He hit the fence and did 70 feet of damage to a chain link fence at the south end of the property?

    ReplyDelete